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Arab Spring Essays and Research Papers. Biography? Surname: Professor: Year: Subject: THE ARAB SPRING The term Arab spring is yeats poems, a connotation used by . both Khalidi and williams biography, Rozenman in of cybercrime their articles in reference to tennessee williams biography the Arabs protests for ruth fern democracy overtime. The articles are a response to the mass action taken by various Arabs worldwide after the tennessee williams, throw of examples of cybercrime despondent rulers such as Egypts Hosni Mubarak, Yemens Ali Abdullah Saleh and Libyas Muammar Ghadafi. Williams Biography? The two articles attempt to delve deep into Disease, the consequences of such historical actions, drawing. Biography? Africa , Arab World , Democracy 990 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction The Arab spring of examples of cybercrime 2011 is a wave of revolutions taking place in the Arab world. Williams Biography? It has its own and . Essay On? unique characteristics. Tennessee Biography? The name is an yeats poems allusion to the 1848 Spring time of the williams, Peoples. Fanny Fern? The 1848 revolution was also a political upheaval throughout Europe and tennessee williams, it spread to Essay on An Epidemic almost 50 countries including Latin America; whereas the cause of tennessee Arab Spring is also dissatisfaction with political leadership. Examples Of Cybercrime? That is why a comparison is drawn between these two revolutions. Tennessee Williams? This term was.

Arabian Peninsula , Egypt , Israel 789 Words | 3 Pages. recognised what was happening in Embryonic Essay the Arab world: people wanted democracy, and were having revolutions to make that point. Now, recent events in . Tennessee Biography? Egypt have left many open-mouthed. Why should the Stem Research, generals be welcomed back? Why should the tennessee, same crowds who gathered in Tahrir Square to yeats poems protest against biography, the old regime reconvene to yeats poems cheer the tennessee, deposing of of cybercrime their elected president? Could it be that the biography, Arab Spring was about something else entirely? I believe so. The Arab Spring was a massive economic protest: a. Africa , Arab World , Egypt 1426 Words | 4 Pages.

Final Write 1500 words describing the characteristics research, Arab Spring , and williams biography, what the on, conditions are today in the Arab countries; that . were part of it. Williams? 1) Egypt, Tunisia 2) Yemen, Bahrain 3) Syria 4) Libya Introduction; The Arab world has been a scene of examples of cybercrime uprisings and tennessee williams biography, revolts for examples its entire modern history. Arabs have revolted against colonial and local tyranny every decade before and after the williams biography, World War I. During the Epidemics, French occupation the people of Cairo revolted repeatedly, briefly liberating the williams biography, city from. Disease Epidemics Essay? Africa , Arab League , Egypt 657 Words | 3 Pages. ? Arab Spring : The first wave of the Arab revolution has been broken out in the Tunisia on 19th December . Williams? 2010. An unemployed under graduated man, hopelessly set himself to fire in order to attract attention to Evolutionary Errors Essay the rise of unemployment within the tennessee, country. After some other protests that have been followed this event the Tunisian leader Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, have made a declaration which has informed that his regime will do everything in order to deal with the characteristics, unemployment issue all over tennessee biography the. Africa , Arab nationalism , Arab World 826 Words | 3 Pages. The Arab Spring Can It Avoid Death? A high degree of pessimism continues to hold a strong grip over on internet in english the enthusiasts of tennessee williams biography . democracy in examples of cybercrime the Arab world. Williams Biography? In the last one year or so, the popular uprisings for social and political change have stalled in characteristics Bahrain, Syria and Yemen. In Egypt, Libya and Tunisia, where the populace succeeded in toppling the authoritarian rulers, things did not change that much.

Violence, conflicts, and killings of williams biography political opponents disturbingly characterize all the Arab countries. Arab League , Arab World , Arabian Peninsula 2642 Words | 7 Pages. ?The Arab Spring The Arab Spring is an uprising in Epidemics the Arab world against their . Williams Biography? government. The uprising started in Tunisia by examples of cybercrime a man named Mohamed Bouazizi who set himself on tennessee williams biography fire in protest for the harassment and Evolutionary Errors, repression from the williams, Tunisian government. Of Cybercrime? Rebel groups throughout the Arab world in williams biography countries such as Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Syria and Bahrain, were formed with the Embryonic Cells Research, intent of biography overthrowing their government and/or changing their regime. This came as a shock to many political scientists because. Arab World , Egypt , Israel 1816 Words | 5 Pages. Examples? ? Arab Spring Arab Spring is the name given to the recent series of biography rebellions and revolts . against the undemocratic regimes in Middle East and on internet, North Africa. Various factors such as poverty, unemployment, inflation and undemocratic practices were the main causes of these revolts.(This sentence should have been in the present participle since your first sentence is in tennessee present, avoid switching between tenses in one paragraph) Nobody had contemplated that what started as a small protest against police. Egypt , Hosni Mubarak , Jordan 1378 Words | 2 Pages. Evolutionary Essay? January 25, 2014 AP European Qualifying Assignment . Tennessee? Arab Spring The revolutionary performances of Essay anti-government protest and tennessee williams biography, counterdemonstrations performed in the Arab World that commenced on Embryonic Research December 17th, 2010 are well known as The Arab Spring . Tennessee? Violent and Errors Essay, non-violent actions done by biography citizens of Infectious Disease Essay different nations have caused outbreaks on governments and civil wars affecting all.

These disturbances. Arabian Peninsula , Arabic language , Egypt 1608 Words | 5 Pages. Williams? ever find Democracy? Dating back to essay on internet before the williams, Israeli-Palestinian conflict even began, in examples of cybercrime the 1960s, the Arab world was extremely corrupt and . struggled to claim its independence from European forces. Currently, an estimate of about only a quarter of the citizens are educated, and in the past, the people never had the tennessee williams, option of providing an essay on internet in english input in any of the tennessee williams, decisions proposed by the Arab governed countries. Theoretically, after many, many years of dealing with: uneven distribution of money, low. Egypt , Israel , Jordan 1844 Words | 5 Pages. Should the Arab Spring Democracy Movement be welcomed? The revolution in of qualitative research the Arab world shows that the people . are awakening and realizing the need for a change from authoritarian rule (in which the tennessee williams, dictators failed to examples understand their petition or adhere to their needs and biography, concerns) to multi-party democracy. Essay In English? The Arab Spring movement in my opinion should be welcomed with keen interest and support from the international community to ensure that true democracy is biography, achieved in the affected countries. Embryonic Stem Cells Essay? Democracy , Egypt , Israel 1343 Words | 4 Pages.

Informative Speech On The Arab Spring. the Arab spring Ladies and tennessee biography, gentlemen, I stand before here today to on internet share with you in one of the williams, most historical moments in not . Hall Fanny? only in williams biography the Arab world, but also to on An Epidemic the entire world as a whole. Many of tennessee biography us would begin by Cells Research Essay asking, what was this Arab Spring ? well, the Arab Spring was a revolutionary wave of demonstrations, protests, and tennessee, civil wars in yeats poems the Arab world that began on biography the 18th of research December 2010. Williams? As to the question of why it took place? there were different local causes for Disease Essay the Arab Spring. Arab League , Arab World , Egypt 1183 Words | 6 Pages. February 12, 2014 The Arab Spring . Has it Failed? The article The Arab Spring . Has it . Tennessee Williams? Failed? as seen in The Economist is essay on internet, about how despite the tennessee biography, fact that after two and yeats poems, a half years of revolution and violence in williams the middle east we have seen very little positive changes, we shouldnt give up hope as the Evolutionary, Arab Spring revolution of brining positive change to this area of the world hasnt exactly failed just yet. Because some of the countries with the tennessee williams biography, highest hopes are struggling (Tunisia. Africa , Arab World , Egypt 998 Words | 2 Pages.

Arab Spring ARAB SPRING The term Arab Spring as used to denote these . Infectious Disease Epidemics Essay? events may have started with an tennessee biography article by Marc Lynch published in the political journal Foreign Policy. Hall? The Arab Spring is tennessee williams biography, a revolutionary wave of fanny demonstrations, protests, and wars occurring in the Arab world that began on tennessee biography 18 December 2010 and have continued since. Embryonic Stem Research? To date, rulers have been forced from power in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Yemen; civil uprisings have erupted in Bahrain and williams, Syria; major protests have broken out. Arab World , Egypt , Jordan 1894 Words | 6 Pages. ? Arab Spring ? Social Movement? Change in society is not always bad, a time of transition from one phase towards another is . Yeats Poems? something that might bring a better condition for the future. Even if the transition period are filled with violence, the williams, end result of the transformation can be either in the shape of new government or even a society change. The beginning of those transitions and transformation are triggered by an action call social movement. In this paper, the Embryonic Stem Cells, writer will attempt to describe.

Africa , Arab World , Egypt 1146 Words | 3 Pages. In December 2010, mass anti-government protests began in tennessee williams Tunisia and later spread across the Arab world. By February 2011, revolutions occurred . in ruth fanny fern Tunisia and Egypt, Libya and Syria. The uprisings were dubbed as Arab Spring . Many nations in tennessee the Middle East and Disease Epidemics Essay, North Africa region (MENA), that neighbor the conflict spots, have been greatly affected by williams the uprisings. Essay? Neighboring countries have experienced an influx of tennessee williams refugees, and a possibility of violence spilling over their borders. Nations. Arab League , Democracy , Egypt 2098 Words | 6 Pages. Essay On An Epidemic? The Arab Spring - Understanding the Revolutions. ? The revolution in the Arab world unfolded exquisitely but with dramatic repercussions.

High unemployment rates, the williams biography, oppression of Research political . freedoms, and the overwhelming presence of biography corruption led to a rise in essay on internet unrest amongst many in the Arab world -- which set off a domino effect amongst states in williams a fight for democracy at home. It all began in Tunisia in December 2010, and Disease Epidemics, quickly escalated into williams biography, a campaign for change that would reach across the essay on internet in english, region, and move the world. By the williams, time the Essay on An Epidemic, conflict. Tennessee? Ali Abdullah Saleh , Arab League , Egypt 1440 Words | 5 Pages. The Gulf Cooperation Council and the Impact of the ruth fanny fern, Arab Spring The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is tennessee, one type of Essay trade bloc . Biography? which called multilateral trade agreement where there is an agreement of characteristics of qualitative research multiple nations for biography coordination in characteristics of qualitative research specific fields. Also, GCC is biography, known as the Essay, Cooperation Council for biography the Arab States of the Gulf (CCASG), and research, it was found in williams Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates on yeats poems 25th of May, 1981 by joining 6 states allowing coordination and tennessee williams biography, integration between the member states in.

Arab states of the Persian Gulf , Arabian Peninsula , Bahrain 1344 Words | 4 Pages. Figure 2 of the original article which follows this foreword. Infectious Disease Epidemics? There are two torques, gravitational and spring , in tennessee this system. The condition . that will produce an research infinite period is biography, that the examples of cybercrime, two torques balance each other exactly for any angle 0. Tennessee? Since the An Epidemic, gravitational torque varies as sin 0, the spring torque must also. However, the spring torque is the tennessee williams biography, product of two variables, the pull of the spring and Evolutionary Essay, the lever arm. Can we expresssin 8 as a product of tennessee biography two trigonometric functions? Yes,sin 0 = 2 sin. An Epidemic? Coil spring , Force , Leaf spring 1583 Words | 7 Pages. Tennessee? ? The Arab Spring Study Questions A. Reasons behind the Arab Spring ? There are various reasons . behind the Arab Spring . Infectious Epidemics Essay? One of the reasons was that a Tunisian young man, unable to find a job, had his cart of merchandise taken away by the, which led him to burn himself in the streets, next to thousands of tennessee williams biography people. Yeats Poems? Unemployment is one of the tennessee williams biography, main reasons which lead to the revolt. After that, manifestations were going on in the cities of Tunisia. The poverty and unemployment that was going on yeats poems in Tunisia.

Africa , Arab World , Arabic language 584 Words | 3 Pages. Tennessee Williams Biography? The Arab Spring is a revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests occurring in the Arab world that began on . Saturday, December 18, 2010. To date, rulers have been forced from on An Epidemic, power in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Yemen. My research topic is williams, going to Infectious Disease Epidemics Essay explore two key features of the tennessee williams, Arab Spring : the on, diffusion effects for democratization in neighboring authoritative regimes like Saudi Arabia, and the possibility of williams a successful democratic transition of the Embryonic Essay, Arab Spring countries where authoritative. Africa , Arab World , Democracy 750 Words | 2 Pages.

Spring Awakening was Frank Wedekind's first play. He had it published at biography his own expense in 1891, but it was not performed until Wedekind . started his own repertory company in 1906. The first production in Disease the United States took place in williams 1912, but since the play was in examples German it failed to attract audiences in tennessee williams biography the States. This play was performed at Franklin and yeats poems, Marshall College, Lancaster on tennessee williams 27 October 2013. This was my first time to see a live play on essay on internet stage. Tennessee? The play was performed on examples a proscenium. Frank Wedekind , In Spring , Learning 1268 Words | 4 Pages. 50003886204500452120Mujahida Sarfaraz 14050910 2014 Spring Day-Essay 3500050000Mujahida Sarfaraz 14050910 2014 Spring . Day-Essay center550005532120[Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Williams Biography? Type the Disease, abstract of the williams biography, document here.

The abstract is typically a short summary of the Embryonic Cells Research Essay, contents of the williams biography, document.] Mujahida Sarfaraz14050910 Spring Day Essay 2014 9000040000[Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract. Of Qualitative Research? American films , Idea , Independent films 1074 Words | 2 Pages. Tennessee Williams? The reason this Arab Spring occurred was because of yeats poems economic and tennessee williams biography, political dissatisfaction over the rule of governments. It was a . Infectious Disease Epidemics Essay? major problem within the Middle East with countries such as Tunisia dealing with numerous factors leading up to tennessee biography many protests such as dictatorship, absolute monarchy, human rights violations, unemployment, poverty, and many other demographic structural factors. Essay An Epidemic? The political side isnt the tennessee biography, only reason why the Infectious, Middle East is the center of attention.

Geographical aspects. Egypt , Israel , Jordan 468 Words | 2 Pages. Williams? equation? Q4. Infectious? Give the williams, equations for characteristics the section modulus of tennessee following shapes : I. RECTANGULAR SECTION. Hall Fern? II. Tennessee? CIRCULAR SECTION. Epidemics? III.

ELLIPTICAL SECTION. Tennessee Williams? Explain . the terms used in equations of the above sections. An Epidemic? Q5. A. Tennessee? What is leaf spring ? State the Essay, types of leaf springs their applications. B. Tennessee? What do you understand by key? With the characteristics of qualitative, help of neat sketches, explain various types of keys state the applications of biography each one. Q6. Examples Of Cybercrime? A. Write a short note on SHAFT.

Show different types of shafts with neat. Linkage , Live axle , Part 1857 Words | 6 Pages. ?Lab 5.3 SPRINGS - HOOKES LAW Group member: Submitted by: Submitted to: . Class: Due: Lab 5.3 SPRINGS - HOOKES LAW Purpose: To study the tennessee williams, characteristics of Evolutionary a spring . Hypothesis: With an increase in weight there will be a directly relatable increase in spring length. Additionally each spring will increase to different expected lengths. Materials: -Light spring -Dense spring -Brass spring -Masses -Ruler . Derivative , Elasticity , Force 496 Words | 7 Pages. Arab Spring: Reform and Transition of Political System. Qasim Third year student Political Science Department Arab Spring : Reform and Transition of Political System Saeed . Qasim Sulaiman Email: saeed_1315@yahoo.com Academic essay for williams biography the of Embryonic Cells Essay third year in Political Science at williams biography University of Epidemics Essay Duhok 2013-2014, Faculty of Humanities, Department of williams Political Science, Contents: I. Introduction. Essay On An Epidemic? 3 Similarity between Arab revolutions and williams, The 1979 Iranian revolution .. . Embryonic Stem Research? 3 . Williams Biography? Authoritarianism , Egypt , Iran 1879 Words | 9 Pages. Spring and ruth fern, Summer . Tennessee Williams? 1 How I Compare and Contrast Andrea Young Ashford University of Iowa ABC1102E January 24, 2011 2 I picked these two seasons, spring and summer because the examples, both of williams these seasons are items I can compare and contrast, it seems much easier than the examples, two items I picked before the two. Biography? Difference , Season , Spring 955 Words | 3 Pages.

Bridgette Roberson Introduction to Epidemics Essay Marketing Mar 301 ID: 0447715 Final Project Blue Mountain Spring Water, Inc. Tennessee Williams? Three Year Marketing . Plan III. Blue Mountain Spring Water I. Hall Fern? Opportunities ( external factors) A. The opportunity to ultilize the latest technology for distribution and marketing. B. Tennessee? Expand outside of regional markets to other select markets but avoid mass marketing C. Characteristics? Blue Mountain has no debt therefore it can expand its RD (research and tennessee williams biography, development) to increase. Bottled water , Drinking water , Market segmentation 1068 Words | 4 Pages. Fern? Causal Analysis of the williams biography, Arab Spring. Causal Analysis of the hall, Arab Spring On 17 December 2010, 26-year-old jobless Mohammed Bouazizi, frustrated and ashamed by tennessee williams biography the . public humiliation inflicted by Infectious Essay a Tunisian female municipal officer and williams, her asides who confiscated the fruit and vegetables he was selling from Essay, a street stall and slapped his face in the process, set himself on fire and passed away a few days later. As an tennessee williams biography aftermath of this incident, a huge wave of Errors protests over tennessee unemployment and social issues sparked out in Tunisia, forcing. Arab , Arab World , Egypt 2789 Words | 8 Pages. Sexual Identity in the Arab World.

The ways in which regimes of law, cultural identity and Stem, state governance shape understandings of Muslim or Arab sexualities are many. Tennessee Williams? In his . article Re-Orienting Desire: The Gay International and research, the Arab World Joseph Massad outlines some of these regimes. Massad argues that western orientalists and tennessee, colonialists altered the way Muslims viewed their own sexuality by Stem Research Essay bringing into consciousness the williams biography, idea of research gay rights and thus homosexuality where it did not previously exist. Tennessee Williams? Because of this, Massad. Essay? Arab , Bisexuality , Gender identity 973 Words | 3 Pages. Machine Design II Prof. K.Gopinath Prof. M.M.Mayuram Design of Helical Springs The design of williams biography a new spring involves the Essay, . Biography? following considerations: Space into which the on internet, spring must fit and operate. Biography? Values of examples of cybercrime working forces and deflections. Tennessee Williams Biography? Accuracy and reliability needed. Tolerances and research, permissible variations in specifications. Environmental conditions such as temperature, presence of tennessee biography a corrosive atmosphere. Evolutionary Errors? Cost and qualities needed.

The designers use these factors to select a. Williams Biography? Coil spring , Elasticity , Force 1189 Words | 6 Pages. Nonverbal Communication in Arabs Culture. NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION IN ARABS CULTURE The Arab world is of cybercrime, a term to define all of the Arabic-speaking countries stretching . Williams Biography? from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in Essay on An Epidemic the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the north to williams the Horn of Africa and the Indian Ocean in essay in english the southeast. It consists of 22 countries and territories with a combined population of some 325 million people spanning two continents. Williams? The Arabic language forms a unifying feature of the Cells Research, Arab World. Though different.

Arab , Arabic language , Classical Arabic 629 Words | 3 Pages. Tennessee? Blue Mountain Spring Water, Inc.: Marketing Plan. Blue Mountain Spring Water, Inc. Blue Mountain Spring Water Marketing Plan Executive Summary This three year marketing . plan has been developed to show where our company is yeats poems, heading and how we are going to tennessee williams biography get there. Yeats Poems? For us to reach these goals we had to obtain a loan to expand our facility to accommodate the additional machinery and storage that will be needed.

We have been in business for tennessee biography the past five years and have showed a significant profit each year. The next coming three years will. Of Qualitative? Bottle , Bottles , Marketing 1860 Words | 7 Pages. Biography? interested in yeats poems teaching women how to be leaders, especially Arab women. Williams Biography? In the Arab culture, men are predisposed from on An Epidemic, birth to be . leaders while women are taught to be followers. Women are taught to take care of their husbands and children.

From Birth, they are conditioned to be daughters, sisters, mothers and bread winners. They can acquire higher education and join the williams, workforce but in the back of ruth fanny their minds, they are not born leaders. An Arab woman is an uneducated housewife and an educated one. She. Academic degree , Arab , Doctorate 636 Words | 3 Pages.

Free Verse Techniques Conveying Structure an Analysis of Spring by Edna St. Vincent Millay. Free Verse Techniques Conveying Structure An Analysis of Spring By Edna St. Vincent Millay Composed in free verse, the poem . Williams Biography? Spring by Edna St. Vincent Millay contains many poetic elements that create a feeling of Infectious Epidemics structure throughout.

As free verse challenges the williams, conventions of writing, so too, does St. Vincent Millays interpretation of Evolutionary Spring challenge societies conventional beliefs associated with the season. Tennessee Williams Biography? Millay uses various different poetic elements of writing as effective alternatives. Edna St. Infectious Epidemics Essay? Vincent Millay , Idiot , In Spring 1526 Words | 4 Pages. Introduction 2 1. Tennessee Williams Biography? Arab Spring : The Revolution and . Its Impact 4 2. Stem Research? Arab Spring and the American Media 8 3. Arab Spring and biography, the British Media 19 4. Arab Spring and Errors, the Arab Media 27 5. Tennessee? Arab Spring and the Role of on Social Media 49 Conclusion . Tennessee Williams? Arab League , Arab World , Bashar al-Assad 15042 Words | 51 Pages. Of Qualitative? Participant Observation of an williams Arab Cafe.

Georgetown, the Zenobia Lounge. While I was expecting to get more insight about the yeats poems, way Arabs practice Islam in their daily lives, my . Williams Biography? observations were about the Essay, service sector in williams collectivist cultures and Embryonic Stem Cells Research, expression of tennessee williams cultural identities. I realized that the intimate relationship between a business and customers was more important than the service itself in collectivist cultures. I also realized that Arabs expressed their belongings to two distinct cultures, Arabic and Stem Cells Research Essay, American culture, in their. Anthropology , Arab , Cultural anthropology 1473 Words | 4 Pages. The Arab Spring Uprisings, revolts, and protests across the Arab world 2010 - present EFFECTS OF MANDATE . Tennessee Biography? SYSTEM What is the of qualitative, Arab Spring ? Arab Spring is the term popularly applied to williams biography the series of revolutionary activities that have swept the Middle East and Evolutionary Errors, North Africa since December 2010. Tennessee Williams? It has led to characteristics of qualitative the overthrow of dictators, massive protests, and a general sense of civil unrest as countries have united for democratic change. The largest protests have occurred on what are. Arabic language , Egypt , Israel 546 Words | 3 Pages. Tennessee Williams? The Negative Impact of the essay on internet in english, Arab Spring and williams biography, Resulting Uprisings on of cybercrime Israeli and Surrounding Countries (Including Palestine) Relationships.

The Negative Impact of the tennessee williams biography, Arab Spring and Essay on, Resulting Uprisings on Israeli and Surrounding Countries (Including Palestine) . Relationships Almost starting with the introduction of Islam in biography the 600s A.D., Muslims and Jews have not gotten along. Evolutionary Errors? Today, Muslims control most of the tennessee, Middle East, except the country of Israel. Of Qualitative Research? Ever since Israel became a nation in 1948 it has had many rough and deadly conflicts with its surrounding nations (and Palestine). Events ranging from the Arab -Israeli War, to the Yom. Arab League , Arab World , Egypt 2512 Words | 7 Pages. Williams Biography? Alfred Culbreth Announces L'Alpina Spring Water 7.3 pH Makes Waves at on Kia Malibu Estate! Alfred Culbreth, is CEO of tennessee williams biography American Premium Water Corporation APWC (OTC: HIPH)

PressReleasePing Alfred Culbreth Announces L'Alpina Spring Water 7.3 pH Makes Waves at Kia Malibu Estate! Alfred Culbreth, is Evolutionary, CEO of tennessee . American Premium Water Corporation APWC (OTC: HIPH) American Premium Water Corporation APWC (OTC: HIPH) www.americanpremiumwater.com is Stem, excited to provide the following update to the investment community and tennessee biography, our shareholders. On Internet? Delray Beach, FL, July 09, 2014 /PressReleasePing/ - American Premium Water Corporation APWC (OTC: HIPH) www.americanpremiumwater. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act , Sales , Securities Act of tennessee williams 1933 858 Words | 2 Pages. What Effect, If Any, Has the of cybercrime, Obama Administration Had on Geographies of tennessee biography International Relations and Evolutionary, Politics with Regards to the Arab Spring Uprising? What effect, if any, has the tennessee williams, Obama administration had on geographies of yeats poems international relations and politics with regards to biography the Arab . Spring uprising?

Geography has been ever-present within political and Stem Essay, developmental endeavors worldwide. Through the tennessee williams, emergence of rational and on, forward-thinking states, the processes of modernity and tennessee, orientalism (Said, 1977), and establishment of rudimental international relations, geography has always had its place carving the Evolutionary Essay, way in terms of how we think about. Arab World , Egypt , Israel 2123 Words | 7 Pages. Introduction The Arab Spring (literally the Arabic Rebellions or the Arab Revolutions) is tennessee biography, a revolutionary wave of . Characteristics Of Qualitative? demonstrations and protests that has been taking place in the Arab world since December 18th, 2010. Prior to this period, Sudan was the only Arab country to have successfully overthrown dictatorial regimes, in 1964 and again in 1985. To date, there have been revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt; a civil war in Libya; civil uprisings in tennessee williams biography Bahrain, Syria, and Yemen; major protests in fanny Algeria. Arab World , Barack Obama , Egypt 12949 Words | 32 Pages. Arab Springs Effect on Regions Society.

Arab Springs Effect on tennessee biography Regions Society Why does every nation on characteristics of qualitative Earth move to change their conditions except for tennessee biography us? Why do we always . submit to the batons of the on An Epidemic, rulers and tennessee, their repression? How long will Arabs wait for Essay on An Epidemic foreign saviors? said Faisal al-Qassem (Mark Lynch). Many Middle Easterners were tired of waiting for something to williams biography happen. To them, every year was just another pass time for talking, debating, and in english, absolutely no action; however it took the tennessee williams biography, courage of of cybercrime one man to start something.

Arab World , Egypt , Israel 2373 Words | 6 Pages. Tennessee Williams Biography? Led Assisment Impacts of the Arab Spring on tourism in the Arab wolrd and specifically Egypt Ali Ali . 000606259 Contents Page Introduction 4 What is the Embryonic Stem Essay, Arab Spring ? 4 What Countries did it affect? 4 Tourism in williams biography Egypt 5 Revolution impacts on Epidemics Egypts tourism 6 Post Revolution 7 Conclusion 7 References 8 Introduction This report will briefly raise awareness of what the Arab Spring therefore to williams biography be able to examples have a much. Williams Biography? Arab League , Arab World , Arabian Peninsula 1745 Words | 5 Pages. Machine Design: Design of Coil Springs. Characteristics? Design of williams biography Coil Springs The design of a new spring involves the hall, following considerations:-Space into tennessee, which the . Disease Essay? spring must fit and williams, operate. Embryonic Cells Essay? -Values of tennessee williams working forces and on internet, deflections. -Accuracy and tennessee williams biography, reliability needed Design Consideration The primary consideration in of qualitative the design of the tennessee biography, coil springs are that the induced stresses are below the Essay, permissible limits while subjected to tennessee williams or exerting the external force F capable of providing the fanny, needed deflection or maintaining the spring rate desired. Biography? . Coil spring , Elasticity , Energy 994 Words | 6 Pages. [pic] Thought Listing on Poland Spring Bottle Water Prepared For Professor Robert Gilmore, Ph. D Instructor Course Name: . Embryonic Cells Research? MKTG 610: Business Research Section: 6W1 School on williams Business University of Bridgeport [pic] Date: 5th September, 2011 Poland Spring is yeats poems, a brand of Nestle Water North America Inc. Poland Spring bottle water has been marketing in America since early 80s.

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In the tennessee biography, Unites States alone, boiler explosions caused a significant loss of of qualitative research life reaching. Tennessee Williams? Fluid dynamics , Force , Pressure 676 Words | 3 Pages. between the stretch of the spring and examples, the attached mass and to verify that this relationship is tennessee, accurately described by Hook's Law. Theory: . Hooke's Law states that to extend a spring by an amount (Stretch) from on An Epidemic, its previous position, one needs to tennessee biography add an external force (Mass). Therefore in on internet order to biography verify Hooke's Law, you must verify that the Stem Cells Essay, mass (M) and the stretch(X) of the tennessee biography, spring are proportional to essay on internet each other. Tennessee Biography? Apparatus: I used a: 1. Pole stand 2. Essay On Internet? A clamp 3. Tennessee? A spring 4. 5 (0.050 kg) (Mass) . Essay On An Epidemic? Elasticity , Force , International System of tennessee williams biography Units 330 Words | 3 Pages. behavior of a spring . Cells? For the tennessee williams, first part we needed to Stem Cells observe the williams, motion or oscillation of a spring in of qualitative order to find k, the . Williams? spring constant; which is Infectious Disease Epidemics, commonly described as how stiff the tennessee, spring is. Of Cybercrime? Using the equation Fs=-kx or, Fs=mg=kx; where Fs is the tennessee, force of the Embryonic Stem, spring , mg represents mass times gravity, and williams biography, kx is the spring constant times the distance, we can mathematically isolate for the spring constant k. Of Cybercrime? We can also graph the data collected and williams, the slope of the Errors Essay, line will reflect the spring constant. Tennessee Biography? Calculus , Elasticity , Graph theory 702 Words | 3 Pages. ?Hookes Law Lab Report Please complete the following tables and characteristics of qualitative, questions and submit them on Blackboard. Observations Data Table 1. Force (N) Top . Tennessee Williams? position of spring , cm Bottom position of Essay spring , cm Elongation, cm Bottom reading top reading Data Point 1 .8 4 5 1 6Data Point 2 1.3 4 6 2 Data Point 3 1.5 4 7 3 Data Point 4 2 4 8 4 Data Point 5 2.2 4 9 5 Data Point 6 2.5 4 10 6 Data Point 7 2.7 4 11 7 Data Point 8 3 4 12 8 Data Point 9 3.3 4 13 9 Data Point 10 3.6 4 14 10 Data Table 2. Tennessee Biography? . Elasticity , Force , Hooke's law 550 Words | 3 Pages. Weather and Seasons What's the Essay, weather like in williams biography spring ? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 SUMMER COLD WEAR SUNGLASSES MITTENS COAT . DECEMBER SPRING WEATHER DRY Across Down 5. Epidemics Essay? We wear _____ to keep the hands warm in the winter. Williams? 7. In China, the winter is examples, usually in ______ , January and February.

9. We wear _______ and shorts in williams the summer. Yeats Poems? 10. What's the opposite of wet? 1. Williams Biography? I usually wear my orange _____ in the winter. Examples? 2. It's usually hot and williams biography, sunny in yeats poems _______ . 3. In. Autumn , Jon Foreman , Lowercase people records 264 Words | 5 Pages. Micaela Quiroga Silent Spring Rough Draft Ms. Tennessee? Evans, AP Lang, pd.

3 September 2012 In America today, many people do not realize the . impact they have on in english the environment. Tennessee Biography? We come from a more educated generation, yes, but many people do not realize, that even just recycling can led to less deforestation, and ensuring that the Embryonic Stem Cells Research, environment of many animals is still there and williams biography, safe. Much like how deforestation can negatively affect animals, it negatively affects us, less trees means less oxygen. DDT , Environmental movement , Environmentalism 979 Words | 3 Pages. done with springs hanging weights as well as the pulling down of a string attached to the spring for Epidemics both individual and williams biography, two . Yeats Poems? springs . The second part was done with a collision cart and tennessee, springs attached on both ends of the cart. Essay? The data obtained supported that simple harmonic motion obeys Hookes law as the spring value constants were all positive and tennessee biography, the graphs displayed a positive slope.

The percent discrepancy obtained for Essay one spring was 14.66% and tennessee williams, the percent discrepancy for two springs was 0.375%. Stem? Elasticity , Force , Graph theory 765 Words | 5 Pages. the williams biography, whole building had remarkable architectural features. As you walk from ruth fern, room to room, there was a guard in each room. The atmosphere of the museum was . very pleasant and comforting. Biography? The artwork that was most fascinating was called Die Quelle (The Spring ), made in Embryonic Stem Cells Research about 1895. The artist of tennessee this painting was Hans Thoma who was a German artist from Epidemics Essay, 1839-1924. The painting was part of tennessee williams biography The Burton G. Bettingen Gallery.

The medium used for An Epidemic the painting was oil on canvas and it is in biography its original hand painted. Art , Color , Composition 923 Words | 3 Pages. centuries, Arab regimes have expropriated, abused and Evolutionary Essay, taken advantage of power and wealth from tennessee, their people; it was only a matter of time . Evolutionary Errors? before things turned around. Tennessee Biography? The year 2010 will be remembered in history as the examples, year that witnessed the uprising of the Arab Spring , the term Arab Spring denotes the Revolutions of 1848; a series of political turmoil swept through Europe in biography 1848. Moreover, in the aftermath of the research, Iraq War the term Arab Spring was used by analysts who foresaw a major Arab movement. Williams? Arab League , Arab World , Egypt 3994 Words | 11 Pages. Stem Cells Research? seasons; * Spring /Summer- February- July Autumn * Winter- August January The competitive and constantly changing fashion business . Williams? requires a more frequent introduction of merchandise, resulting in most stores introducing new ranges many times in between these two main seasons. Characteristics Of Qualitative Research? The occurrence and tennessee, the names of of cybercrime sub-seasons vary from tennessee williams, company to yeats poems company.

Sub-Seasons Seasons | Approximate Durations (with Overlaps) | Spring Transition | mid Jan - Feb end | 6 weeks | Spring | Feb beg Mar. Autumn , Buyer , Season 966 Words | 5 Pages. My Antonia: Living forces Anne Bradstreet once wrote, If we had no winter, the spring would not be so pleasant: if we did not sometimes . taste of tennessee adversity, prosperity would not be so welcome. Have your emotions been affected by Errors Essay the changing seasons? Have you reacted according to the weather conditions? Sometimes, the surroundings have a stronger effect than what people may think.

They affect human beings behaviors and tennessee biography, actions in such a way that most of on An Epidemic what people do and williams, feel goes accordingly. Autumn , Family , My Antonia 1884 Words | 5 Pages. Design of Evolutionary Errors Machine Elements: Model Question Paper. helical compression spring of the williams, exhaust valve mechanism is on internet in english, initially compressed with a pre-load of 375 N. When the tennessee biography, spring is Errors Essay, . further compression and the valve is fully opened, the torsional shear stress in williams biography the spring wire should not exceed 750 N/mm2. Due to Space limitations, the hall fern, outer diameter of the tennessee, spring is not exceed 42 mm. The spring is to be designed for research minimum weight. Calculate the wire diameter and tennessee biography, the mean coil diameter of the examples of cybercrime, spring . OR 15.b) A semi-elliptic leaf spring consists of two.

Elasticity , Force , Pascal 925 Words | 3 Pages. Gabriela Corona SOA1310.20 Nelly van Bommel October 1, 2012 Le Sacre du Printemps Today The Rite of Spring is biography, regarded as a . revolutionary piece of yeats poems music and williams, choreograph. Its choreographer, Vaslav Nijinsky, was born in Errors Essay 1889. He started his dance career after he joined the Imperial Ballet School in tennessee williams 1900, in which he studied under Enrico Cecchetti and Errors Essay, Nicholas Legat. He took many lead roles until his dance career took a turning point, and met Sergei Diaghilev. He danced with famous Anna.

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on line essay background and analysis by Scott Miller. from his book Sex, Drugs, Rock Roll, and Musicals. The year is 1959, a pivotal moment in tennessee American cultural history, when rock and Evolutionary Essay, roll was giving birth to biography the Sexual Revolution and everything in America culture was about to be turned upside down. Stem Cells. Record companies were releasing more than a hundred singles every week and the country was about to tennessee williams explode. Grease , generally considered a trivial little musical about The Fabulous Fifties, is really the story of Americas tumultuous crossing over from the 50s to fern the 60s, throwing over repression and tradition for freedom and adventure (and a generous helping of cultural chaos), a time when the tennessee williams biography, styles and of qualitative research, culture of the disengaged and disenfranchised became overpowering symbols of teenage power and tennessee, autonomy. Originally a rowdy, dangerous, over-sexed, and insightful piece of alternative theatre, Grease was inspired by the rule-busting success of Hair and shows like it, rejecting the trappings of examples, other Broadway musicals for tennessee williams biography a more authentic, more visceral, more radical theatre experience that revealed great cultural truths about America. An experience largely forgotten by most productions of the of cybercrime, show today. Like Hair before it and The Rocky Horror Show which would come a year later, Grease is a show about repression versus freedom in williams American sexuality, about the Cells Essay, clumsy, tentative, but clearly emerging sexual freedom of the late 1950s, seen through the lens of the middle of the Sexual Revolution in the 1970s. Its about the near carnal passion 1950s teenagers felt for their rock and roll, the first art form that actually changed human sexuality. Williams. (The phrase rock and roll was originally African American urban slang for sexual intercourse, going as far back as the 1920s, and it made its way onto many rhythm and blues recordings before the Evolutionary Errors Essay, 1950s.) As theatre, Grease finds its roots in the rawness, the rowdiness, the tennessee biography, lack of polish that made Hair and other experimental pieces in the 1960s such cultural phenomena. The impact of Hair on of cybercrime, Grease can even be seen in the two shows titles, both taking as their primary symbols the hairstyles of young Americans as a form of rebellion and cultural declaration of independence.

Just as the characters of Hair and Grease reject conformity and authority, so too do both Hair and Grease as theatre pieces. Like Hair , Grease is an tennessee, anti-musical, closer to the experimental theatre pieces of New Yorks off off Broadway movement in Evolutionary Errors the 60s, and tennessee williams, light years from other musicals running on Broadway at the time, like No No Nanette (in a terrible revival), Sugar, The Rothschilds, Applause, or A Little Night Music . Goodbye to Sandra Dee. Also like Hair , Grease is Essay about authenticity , the watchword of that first rock and tennessee williams biography, roll generation. Teen sexuality has been an issue in America since the invention of the Embryonic, rumble seat, always moving forward like a freight train, forever going faster and farther; and Grease is tennessee williams biography a snapshot of America right before teen sexuality exploded, examining the early cracks in the armor of middle-class respectability and repression, the fantasy American Dream that never was but that came beaming into Americans homes over the television airwaves. Movie star Sandra Dee becomes Grease s overarching metaphor for examples of cybercrime the artificiality of adult American life, a symbol that needed piercing. Sandra Dee was a big star at this point, and just in the two years that Grease spans, she released The Restless Years (1958), The Reluctant Debutante (1958), A Stranger in My Arms (1959), Gidget (1959), Imitation of Life (1959), The Wild and tennessee williams biography, the Innocent (1959), and A Summer Place (1959), jumping back and forth between empty-headed teen comedies and stark melodrama.

Today, it may be hard to understand what Sandra Dee represented, but she was the poster girl for Epidemics Essay the big studios attempts to make teen movies, a genre which was up until that point the tennessee, exclusive territory of small, low-budget producers like the ubiquitous Roger Corman ( The Little Shop of Horrors, Bucket of Blood , and others). But the studios teen flicks were inevitably artificial in the extreme, creating a freakish and clueless adult imitation of the teen world, a kind of cultural Frankenstein, that teens could see right through. To savvy teenagers, Sandra Dee was a teen sellout, and in a world where authenticity was the goal, there was nothing worse. She was a fake in her life, in her acting style, and in her onscreen emotions. Teen audiences didnt want that; they wanted High School Hellcats and Teenage Doll . Embryonic Stem Research Essay. But adults loved Sandra Dee; she reassured them that their teen was a good girl. And many American girls took Sandra Dee as a role model but not the real Sandra Dee, the cheery public character Sandra Dee, confusing her onscreen persona with her real life. Tennessee Williams. Millions of Americans in postwar America were trying to live an American Dream that was pure fiction, particularly for the working class; and that fiction is symbolized by Sandra Dee, a fiction at the heart of Sandys arc in Grease . But on another level, the metaphor gets even deeper and characteristics of qualitative, this demonstrates the craftsmanship of this script because Sandys relationship with Danny mirrors Sandra Dees difficult real life relationship with Bobby Darin. As Rizzo taunts Sandy with Look at tennessee Me, Im Sandra Dee, she doesnt really know how dark that dark underbelly really is Darphne Merkin wrote in The New York Times in 2005 at the time of Sandra Dees death: the darling, pink world, as she herself characterized it, that Sandra Dee was thought to inhabit by her fans had always been a grotesque mockery, plagued not by examples of cybercrime an overripened case of virginity but by childhood incest. The girl with brimming brown eyes and a fizzy lilt to her voice was born Alexandria Zuck in Bayonne, New Jersey.

Her parents divorced when she was five; her father, a bus driver, disappeared from her life shortly thereafter, and her mother, Mary, married a much-older real-estate entrepreneur named Eugene Duvan within a few years. . Williams Biography. . Worse yet, Dee's devoted but manipulative mother turned a conveniently blind eye to the defiled sexual appetites of her new husband. Duvan, who liked to tease his wife that he married her just to get Sandy, started having sex with his beautiful stepdaughter when she was 8 and continued doing so almost until his death when she was 12. As a result, Sandra Dee later suffered from anorexia, depression, and alcoholism throughout her life. Fanny. All this made her cynically manufactured faade of sweetness even darker and more complex. This was the conventional, repressed, hypocritical, manufactured life from which Sandy Dumbrowski must escape. The thing is, [her career] happened so fast, was over tennessee biography, practically before it began, that we can almost be forgiven for misconstruing her as a cultural simulacrum: a blip on the monitor, a media invention, an yeats poems, adorable incarnation of tennessee williams biography, a feminine ideal of the reluctant or unwitting nymphet, rather than a flesh-and-blood creature with needs and wishes (not to mention raging demons) of her own. Grease looks at the fifties with twenty-twenty hindsight and it sees the darkness and deception of the decades role models and authority figures. Sandra Dee wasnt happy in her real life because she was never allowed to be herself to be authentic and of qualitative, Sandy Dumbrowski suffers the same problem. Sandra Dee represents not just strict morality and tennessee williams biography, virginity in Disease Epidemics Grease , but the entire manufactured mainstream culture of 1950s America, a culture the tennessee williams, kids of Grease reject. Rizzos pretty great at Errors choosing metaphors Still, for most kids, the biography, fifties were a time when America caught its breath.

After decades of upheaval World War I, Prohibition, the Depression, World War II, and the Korean War suddenly times werent so hard and the world didnt seem as dangerous. Epidemics. (Kids were told about the williams biography, threat of a Cold War nuclear attack, but it didnt mean much to them and didnt really affect their lives.) Before the 50s, if kids worked it was for Infectious Disease Epidemics the familys survival. During the tennessee, 50s, if kids worked it was because they were saving up to buy a car or buy parts for the car they had. It was a happy, playful decade for many (white) Americans, even those in Errors Essay the working class, as family cars transformed adult culture and williams biography, rock and roll transformed teen culture. And one of the points of Grease is that kids of the 50s could afford to Evolutionary Errors Essay worry only about their own trivial problems; there was no world war, no Hitler to fear anymore. Though Grease implies many complex things, it is actually about the ordinary, everyday lives of a group of teenagers. Their chief worries are whether or not theyll have a date to the dance and can they get the car. But the tennessee biography, fifties were only a brief window of examples of cybercrime, respite before the dark, dangerous times would return, with Vietnam, race riots, the anti-war movement, Watergate, and recession. Tennessee Biography. Today, some conservatives idealize the 1950s as a time of moral clarity, patriotism, family stability, and traditional values, a time to which America should return. But that 1950s never actually existed. What looks to them like moral clarity was actually well-masked racism, sexism, and economic oppression. The only examples of cybercrime people who were safe and comfortable were middle class and upper class white men (the only demographics that still idealize that time).

What they see as patriotism was more like nationalistic terrorism, demagoguery, witch hunts. What they see as family stability was really mind-numbing conformity and tennessee, drug-addicted suburban housewives. What they label traditional values were nothing short of race, class, and gender warfare. And it all boiled down to two central bogeymen, inextricably linked in characteristics of qualitative the minds of the biography, mainstream: sex and rock and roll. Hall Fanny Fern. The Twin Gods of Grease . As Grace Palladino asks in Teenagers: An American History , Did the world really work better when girls had no choice in life but to get married, blacks knew their servile place, and kids who lived outside the charmed circle of upper-middle class life were invisible? The story of Grease is set during the 1958-59 school year, at exactly the tennessee biography, same time that America was facing the preliminary rumblings of the examples, Sexual Revolution that would arrive in the mid-1960s and blossom in the 70s, only to be ended by AIDS in the early 80s. And like The Rocky Horror Show did later, Grease shows us how America reacted to this tumultuous time though two of its main characters.

Danny Zuko (along with Rizzo and Kenickie) represents that segment of American teens already sexually active in the 1940s and 50s, who ultimately frees the conforming Sandy to tennessee williams express her sexuality without fear or shame, leading her into a new life and Evolutionary Errors Essay, a new decade of sexual freedom a theme also at the heart, though far more cautiously, of the 1959 film A Summer Place , starring Sandra Dee and Troy Donahue. Sandy Dumbrowski (notice how ethnic all the character names are, to suggest that they are working class) is mainstream America, reluctant to throw off the sexual repression of the conforming 1950s for tennessee williams the sexual adventuring of the 1960s. Errors Essay. That is the story of Grease and the story of biography, America the way sex was changing and the part rock and roll and characteristics of qualitative, cars and williams biography, drive-ins played in yeats poems that transformation. In the movie, the tennessee williams, central love story may be the point, but on stage the romance is just a device for making a larger, more interesting point. Grease isnt about Danny and Sandy (which is characteristics of qualitative why fifteen of the shows twenty songs have nothing at all to do with them); Grease is about how rock and roll changed sex in America.

And those who criticize Grease for its immoral ending dont understand what this show is really about and they really havent paid attention to the lyric of All Choked Up. The Word Made Flesh. Grease first opened in Chicago, where its story is set, in 1971. To a large extent, the 1970s marked the end of the Rodgers and Hammerstein revolution. Tennessee Biography. It was the decade that gave permanent berth to both the concept musical and the rock musical, both explored during the Embryonic Stem Cells Research, sixties but now taking their rightful place in mainstream musical theatre. These were shows that rejected the sunny optimism of earlier decades and williams biography, instead revealed the feelings of rage and loss that pervaded America in this era of Vietnam and Watergate. The concept musical had been germinating since Marc Blitzsteins very political, very angry The Cradle Will Rock in 1937, but it wasnt until Stephen Sondheim and Hal Princes Company in 1970 that the of cybercrime, concept musical was in a position to change everything. Biography. The rock musical had been born with Expresso Bongo in examples of cybercrime 1958 and became mainstream with Hair in 1968, but it became a fixture on Broadway during the seventies, partly because the definition of rock was so pliable, so inclusive by then.

A rock musical could be Jesus Christ Superstar, Hair, Two Gentlemen of Verona, The Rocky Horror Show , or Grease, none of which sounded anything like the tennessee williams biography, others; and yet they all shared a disdain for authority, a taste for rebellion, and a sexual frankness to ruth hall fern which only the language of rock and roll could give full voice. The phenomenon that was Grease began its long life in the summer of 1971 at Chicagos Kingston Mines Theatre, in which its authors Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey were acting ensemble members. The show opened February 5, 1971, in a basement theatre where an audience of a hundred sat on the floor on newspaper. The set consisted of backdrops painted on brown paper. At that time the show had far less music, far less plot, and no central characters. But it did have infectious songs like Greased Lightning, Beauty School Dropout, Those Magic Changes, and We Go Together, and a solo for Patty Simcox that was later cut, Yuck. New York producers Ken Waissman and Maxine Fox saw the show and recognized its surprising honesty and the appeal of its rough edges. Two of the Chicago cast members, Dinah Manoff (Marty) and James Canning (Doody) would play those roles on tennessee, Broadway. Manoff would continue her role in the film.

Once the fanny, producers decided to bring Grease to New York, they set about finding a production staff. One agent tried to sell them on hiring the bright young director-choreographer Michael Bennett, but they didnt think he was right for Grease . They were probably right. They asked Gerald Freedman to direct, since he had helmed the original off Broadway production of williams biography, Hair , but Freedman turned them down without even reading the script. They finally settled on examples of cybercrime, director Tom Moore and choreographer Patricia Birch who had created such interesting, real staging and choreography for The Me Nobody Knows a show about homeless kids. Tennessee. The producers wanted everything about the show to feel rough, unpolished, de-glamorized honest and authentic, like Hair a concept the subsequent film and revivals did not understand.

According to Adrienne Barbeaus autobiography There Are Worse Things I Could Do , the producers hired Moore to direct because Tom's strength was getting performances that were so realistic the audience didn't believe they were watching actors. That's what Ken [Waissman] and Maxine [Fox] wanted for Grease . Infectious Disease. What they didn't want was a cotton-candy musical. Its easy to hear on the original 1972 Grease cast album the tennessee, raw, pure, untrained sound of 1950s rock and Infectious Disease, roll. Grease knows that sound because its creators lived it, the tennessee williams, sound of Infectious Epidemics, Muddy Waters, Chuck Berry, Little Richard, and Bo Diddley. Tennessee Williams. The earliest rock and roll was never about polish or precision; this was the Evolutionary, punk rock of the fifties, purposefully rejecting mainstream necessities like playing in williams tune, singing on pitch, keeping the tempo, staying together. It was a wholesale rejection of the Infectious, values of their parents and their parents culture, an aggressive fuck you to Pat Boone and the like. Three decades later, American kids in tennessee the Reagan Era (The Neo-50s) would rebel in much the same way with the ruth fanny fern, creation of punk rock. Just as the greasers sported leather jackets, engineer boots, crazy hairstyles, and biography, other rebellious fashions, so did their descendants, the punks, have their rebellious fashion statements in tattoos, piercings, and examples, occult symbols. And now, so does the hip-hop community. Biography. Critic Michael Feingold wrote in Errors Essay his introduction to tennessee williams the 1972 published Grease script: The people of Grease are a special class of aliens, self-appointed cynics in a work-oriented, upwardly mobile world.

We know from the prologue that history has played its dirty trick on them before they even appear. Epidemics. They are not at the reunion; they will not be found among the prosperous Mrs. Honeywells and the go-getting vice presidents of Straight-Shooters, Unlimited. Nor, on the other hand, did they actively drop out; that was left to their younger siblings and cousins. (Memory of a line too explicit, and cut from the script early on: Course I like life. Whaddaya think I am, a beatnik?) They were the group who thought they had, or chose to have, nowhere to go. They stayed in the monotonous work routine of the tennessee williams, lower middle class, acquiring, if they were lucky, enough status to move to one of the more nondescript suburbs, and losing their strongest virtue the group solidarity that had made them, in high school, a force to be reckoned with.

It is appropriate that the finale of Grease celebrates that solidarity, with the saving of its heroine, and the reclamation of Research, its hero from the clutches of williams biography, respectability a good lusty razz at the sanctimonious endings of yeats poems, those Sal Mineo j.d. [juvenile delinquent] movies ( Somebody Up There Likes Me , remember?) wherein the tough punk is tennessee williams saved for society at Embryonic Stem Research Essay the end. Everybody knew you didnt go to those films to see that part. After only three and a half weeks of rehearsal (again, in an effort to williams keep it from looking too polished), Grease opened off Broadway at the Eden Theatre on Valentines Day 1972. The reviews were negative to mixed. One hapless television reviewer said, The worst thing Ive ever seen opened tonight at the Eden Theatre. It ran 128 performances anyway. And then the show moved uptown in June 1972 to the Broadhurst Theatre. In December 1979, Grease broke Broadways long-run record. It made several moves during its Broadway run and Evolutionary, finally closed April 13, 1980, after a total run of 3,388 performances. It was nominated for seven Tony Awards but won none. The original production paid back its investors four thousand percent.

The show also ran for over two years in tennessee williams Mexico under the title Vaselina, becoming the longest-running musical there. The watered-down 1978 film version starring John Travolta, Olivia Newton-John, and yeats poems, Stockard Channing became one of the most successful movie musicals of all time. After fifteen years of declining numbers, the teenage population in America began to grow again in the early 1990s Theyre Back, said one Business Week cover and so a glitzy, brainless, neon-scorched revival of tennessee williams, Grease opened on Broadway in May 1994, painfully misdirected and yeats poems, misunderstood by Tommy Tunes protg, director-choreographer Jeff Calhoun (who would years later direct a brilliant revival of tennessee, Big River for yeats poems Deaf West Theatre). Completely ignoring (or just missing) Grease s agenda as social commentary, this terrible revival decked out its set in bright, neon colors, making it into a simple-minded cartoon, and it added an actual 50s song, Since I Dont Have You, a song completely without the williams, irony of the rest of the Stem Essay, score and therefore completely out of synch with the rest of the show. Tennessee Williams. The revivals logo was a picture of Danny from behind, his leather jacket bedazzled with rhinestones that spell Grease . Could they have misunderstood the Burger Palace Boys any more? But despite the of cybercrime, lack of taste or honesty, it was apparently perfect for tennessee the theme park Broadway had become by yeats poems that point and it ran 1,503 performances. It was not, however, Grease . Over its life, Grease gave starts to biography many now well-known actors, including John Travolta (who had begun as Doody in the first national tour), Richard Gere, Treat Williams, Patrick Swayze, Adrienne Barbeau, Barry Bostwick, Jeff Conaway, Greg Evigan, Marilu Henner, and examples of cybercrime, Judy Kaye, among others.

In 2003 the British television network Channel 4 held a poll to williams determine the greatest musicals of all time. Grease won the Stem, top honor. In 2007, NBC created a reality show through which to choose the two leads for a new Broadway revival helmed by Kathleen Marshall, though any hopes of authenticity from a new Broadway Grease were slight. But perhaps its time for tennessee biography Grease in yeats poems its original form to return at last, in this new Age of Ironic Detachment. In 2005, Norman Lebrecht wrote about the new postmodern musicals ( Urinetown, Bat Boy, Hedwig and williams biography, the Angry Inch, Spelling Bee ) in his online column: The music in each of these shows amplifies this element of separation, licensing us to stand apart from what we are seeing and enter a third dimension where each of us can individually decide whether to take the Essay, plot literally or sardonically, whether to take offense or simply collapse in giggles. This degree of Ironic Detachment is the very making of the postmodern hit musical. Williams Biography. Ironic Detachment would be unattainable in a Tom Stoppard play because I.D. requires musical inflexion; it is impossible in opera and ballet, which are stiffened by tradition against self-mockery. Its application is Infectious Disease Epidemics unique to the musical comedy, an ephemeral entertainment which has found new relevance through its philosophical engagement with 21st century concepts of irony and alienation. Still, Ironic Detachment isnt entirely new in musical theatre weve seen it before, periodically over the twentieth century, in The Threepenny Opera (1928), Of Thee I Sing (1931), The Cradle Will Rock (1937), Guys and Dolls (1950), The Fantasticks (1959) , How To Succeed in Business Without Really Trying (1961) , Promenade (1965), Cabaret (1966), Promises, Promises (1969), Company (1970), The Rocky Horror Show (1973), The Robber Bridegroom (1974), and yes, Grease.

Sock Hop Baby, Roll Up Your Crazy Jeans! Almost every American musical sets up the same challenge for the protagonist assimilate or be removed. Tennessee Williams. These central characters must make a choice to either change in certain ways in order to join the existing community or they must be removed from that community either by leaving or by dying. In The Music Man , Harold Hill turns legit in order to join the River City community. In Sweeney Todd, Jesus Christ Superstar, Bat Boy, and Evita , the main characters will not (or cannot) change so they must be removed by death. In Brigadoon , Tommy decides he must reject his previous life and change everything in order to stay in Brigadoon and ruth hall fanny, become part of the community. In Show Boat , Julie and Steve will not play by mainstream societys rules, so they must be removed, and they leave the Cotton Blossom. In Man of tennessee, La Mancha , Quixote/Quijana refuses to live by conventional rules of behavior, so he must die. In Grease , Sandy ultimately assimilates into of qualitative research the greaser community, rejecting her parents world view. Many people are uncomfortable with the shows ending because they miss the tennessee biography, fact that Sandy doesnt actually become a slut in the finale; she just learns how to dress like one, finally letting go of the tendency of too many Americans to stigmatize sexuality as dirty and yeats poems, shameful.

She gives up the tennessee williams, desexualizing poodle skirt that hid away her female form and replaces it with clothing that reveals and celebrates and takes ownership of her body and ruth fern, its adult curves. This is tennessee williams biography not a descent into decadence for Sandy; it is a throwing open of the doors of her moral prison. The authors intentions are clear in a stage direction in the final scene. After describing Sandys new hypersexual look the tight pants, leather jacket, earrings, wild new hair the script says, Yet she actually looks prettier and more alive than she ever has. Teenagers clothing was a major source of contention at the time. Grace Palladino writes in her fascinating history Teenagers : School authorities solved the immediate problem (teenage delinquency) with dress and behavior codes. Tight blue jeans, ducktail haircuts, and excessive makeup were prohibited in school.

Dress Right campaigns set appropriate high school styles that drew national attention in the late 1950s. Boys were required to wear shirts and of qualitative research, ties, standard trousers (or neatly pressed khakis), and polished shoes (or clean white bucks). Girls were required to williams wear dresses or shirts and forgo pincurls, dungarees, and of qualitative, slacks. As an article in tennessee williams Newsweek explained the theory: Bejeaned girls behave better when theyre in characteristics research ladylike dress. Sandys clothing in All Choked Up is extraordinarily subversive. The end of Grease suggests that a lasting, healthy relationship is only possible when both partners are openly and tennessee, completely themselves, without regard for other peoples opinions, social conventions, or personal insecurities and also when neither of them are afraid of their sexuality. This was not the message of the conforming adult world; this was a uniquely teen perspective. Both Sandy and Danny have to learn to yeats poems be themselves, to shake off the masks of cool and respectable. If there is williams biography any question about ruth fanny who the williams, protagonist of the show is, Sandy is primary; shes the Epidemics, one who has changed, who has learned something significant. The same may be true of Danny, but to a much lesser extent.

But the ending of Grease isnt a moral and shouldnt be read that way. It doesnt declare what we should or shouldn't do; it's an objective and williams, accurate description of America in 1959. Sandy is America in its progression from puritanical repression in the 50s to sexual freedom in yeats poems the Sexual Revolution of the 60s. (And yet, as her lyric in All Choked Up tells us quite explicitly, she isnt ready to tennessee biography give up her virginity quite yet.) In 1959 America was about to grow up sexually, into Embryonic Stem Cells Research adolescence in the 60s ( Hair ), and into full sexual adulthood in the 70s ( Rocky Horror ). Too many people believe that the message of Grease is that to williams biography win the man you love, you have to be a slut. Ruth Hall Fanny. But there's not a single line or lyric anywhere in the show to tennessee suggest Sandy has changed anything but her looks. Like Eliza Dolittle in My Fair Lady , Sandy learns The Secret, that anyone can Fit In just by talking and looking the right way (and dont we all do that to Stem Cells some extent?), and her overnight transformation proves that its all just play-acting and that they all know it ! She has learned what Rizzo and the girls have known all along. Sandy has become one of them just by changing her clothes! She throws off the weight and triviality of tennessee, 1950s conformity and allows herself the Embryonic Cells Research Essay, freedom of the coming 1960s, a refusal to fear her own sexuality, to tennessee biography see sex as dirty, the Evolutionary Errors, freedom to be able to talk and laugh openly about sex. Biography. But behind all the rest, theres a simpler, more subversive message. Sandy isnt just saved by Evolutionary Errors Essay how she dresses; shes saved by singing rock and roll. It isnt until she can achieve the tennessee williams, authenticity and sexual frankness of rock and roll, that she can be healed.

Grease doesnt moralize; it just reports. Grease is examples set in 1958 and tennessee, 1959 for a good reason its not just about the changing of decades but also the Epidemics, changing of tennessee, eras . Sandys triumphant line late in the show, Goodbye to characteristics Sandra Dee, puts away not only Sandys false good-girl persona, but also the 1950s as a whole, a world in which the goody-goody Sandra Dee can be a role model, in which facades were cracking. We were moving on The Fabulous Fractious Fifties. The Fabulous Fifties. Tennessee Biography. The Decade Deluxe. The Ike Age. These were the good old days, the happy days, the source of many an Americans earliest, fondest memories and many of our postwar institutions. For the past two decades Americans had lived in the grip of poverty and war. Now they were ready for some giddy, goofy fun. The country was swept up in frivolous fads baton twirling, hula hoops, paint-by-number art kits, Davy Crockett hats, 3-D movies.

Life seemed a wide-screen, stereophonic special effect. Culture popped in yeats poems shades of turquoise, pink, salmon, and, if one color wasnt enough, delicious two-tones. Madison Avenue created an unlikely world of perfect appliances and tennessee biography, perfect families, of highballs and hi-fis, Bermuda shorts and backyard barbecues. In the ads, the wives are beautiful (mowing the lawn in peasant blouses and a hint of Disease Essay, lingerie); the children above average (exuberantly joining in the Saturday morning car wash). Over the clink of ice cubes, Americans mingled and tennessee williams, misbehaved. Thats how James Petersens book The Century of Sex describes 1950s America and the false, repressed world from which Sandy must escape.

There were three distinct cultures in yeats poems America during the 1950s mainstream middle-America, New York City (including the Beat writers), and tennessee williams, teenagers and they rarely intersected each other, so none of them spoke the others languages or shared their morality. Yeats Poems. Most of mainstream adult America lived a life of complete ignorance, happily watching safely artificial television sitcoms and carefully censored studio films, having little or no idea what was going on biography, in teen America, in teen music, movies, magazines, social life, and most significantly, teen sexuality. After World War II, most adult women had been expected to characteristics of qualitative research leave behind the independence of williams, their lives on the home front during the war and Errors, return to a life of near complete dependence again no more job, no more money, no more sexual control or choice. Tennessee. Betty Friedan wrote of the times, It was fun at first, shopping in examples of cybercrime those new supermarkets. And we bought barbecue grills and williams, made dips out of sour cream and dried onion soup to serve with potato chips, while our husbands made the martinis as dry as in the city and cooked hamburgers on the charcoal, and we sat in canvas chairs on our terrace and thought how beautiful our children looked, playing in the twilight, and how lucky we all were, and that it would last forever. These were the real people behind the Cells Essay, metaphor of the 1956 film Invasion of the williams biography, Body Snatchers. Errors Essay. As The Century of Sex says, Conformity became a national passion, part of a return to sexual and political conservatism. The Battle Over Sex has always been waged between the tennessee, Haves and the Have-Nots in America. Throughout history, there has been great sexual freedom and fanny, little shame among the Have-Nots, since they have nothing which can be imperiled. Williams. But the Haves are always terrified of any kind of Research, cultural change, especially sexual, because the fallout could always endanger their position as Haves. Tennessee Williams. Sandy is a Have, Danny is a Have-Not.

The sparks are bound to fly. All in all, the Infectious, 1950s was one of the williams biography, most interesting decades of the twentieth century so much wealth, so much repression, so many massive changes in the culture, perhaps most significantly the invention of the suburbs, in which middle-class wives would be forever isolated and tranquilized. Of Qualitative Research. The characters in Grease were born around 1942, the tennessee williams, last generation born before the Baby Boomers, and they went to high school from fall 1955 to summer 1959. The cultural influences on them during this period were some of the fiercest America had yet seen. In 1951, J.D. Salingers controversial Catcher in the Rye had been published and became an instant, lasting hit among teenagers, with its profanity and Cells Research Essay, frank discussions of teenage angst and sexuality. Then, just as these kids were hitting puberty, America was hit with The Wild One in 1953, starring Marlon Brando, the movie that started the whole leather jacket greaser thing as well as the teen exploitation film genre. The central relationship in Grease between Danny and Sandy is a goofier imitation of the williams biography, central relationship in The Wild One between Johnny and Kathie. Exactly like the teen market they were targeting, teen exploitation films were full of Stem Cells Research Essay, sex and tennessee biography, sin and booze and cars, but many of them also had a sanctimonious moral laid out explicitly, at the beginning or end of the characteristics research, film, often by a nameless authority figure behind a desk or podium, sometimes by a survivor of the tragedy.

These fake morals gave the raunchy stories the patina of williams biography, respectability to placate parents and would-be censors. Evolutionary. But for the kids, these movies mirrored the real world, in tennessee williams biography which teenagers were discovering they had a certain kind of power, a kind of power that just might be able to Research Essay challenge the power of their parents. And the teen rebel was born. In 1954, just a year before the Grease kids would start high school, Elvis Presley burst upon the American scene with his first hit, forever changing notions of gender and sexuality, rebelling against the strong, silent type model of previous generations of men like John Wayne and Gary Cooper, in favor of a remarkably sexual, nakedly emotional new model of maleness embodied by the likes of Marlon Brando and williams, James Dean. John Waters documented this cultural shift in yeats poems his film Cry-Baby , set just a few years before Grease. While the tennessee, Grease kids and the shows authors were in high school, the movies Rock Around the Clock and Stem, Rock, Rock, Rock were released in williams 1956 (the same year the mayor of Infectious Epidemics, Jersey City, New Jersey, banned all rock and roll within the city limits), giving some teens their first chance to actually see Little Richard, Chuck Berry, Bill Haley and the Comets, The Platters, and many others performing their songs.

That same year the teen exploitation flick Hot Rod Girls was also released. In 1957, Roger Cormans daring Teenage Doll (which still holds up pretty well) and Eighteen and williams biography, Anxious were released. Teenage Doll was about a girl gang out for revenge after one of their members is murdered by a rival gang. Examples Of Cybercrime. The film ended with a giant rumble with girl and biography, boy gangs fighting in an auto salvage yard. This was not their parents kind of Disease Essay, movie.

That same year saw Michael Landon in I Was a Teenage Werewolf , a much more serious film than it sounds, about a damaged, misunderstood teen and about American teenagers feelings (reinforced by rock and roll) of us vs. Tennessee. them. Embryonic Stem Cells Research. Jack Kerouacs groundbreaking, anti-authoritarian On the Road was published that year too, the inevitable follow-up to Catcher in the Rye . In 1958, two more teen movies were released that showed us the underbelly of American teenage life (real or imagined), High School Confidential and biography, the girl-gang High School Hellcats . In 1959, T-Bird Gang was released, one of the great teen gang drive-in movies, as well as A Summer Place , one of the great make-out movies. The 1928 sexually charged novel Lady Chatterleys Lover was finally released in Disease America in 1959 and sold six million copies the tennessee williams, first year. Just after these kids graduated, in Embryonic Stem Cells Research 1960, The Wild Ride was released, starring Jack Nicholson as the kind of cocky, smartass rebel that the Burger Palace Boys in Grease wish they could be. But 1960 also brought us that moment toward which everything had been leading and from which everything would flow. Dick Clark saw some kids doing a sexually suggestive dance called The Twist in his studio, inspired by a year-old record. Clark called the williams, record label and asked for fanny a new recording of williams, The Twist.

It caught on like wildfire and convinced the adult population of America that the Evolutionary Errors Essay, world was coming to an end. Sex was no longer subtle or implied. Williams Biography. Sex had broken free of the bedroom and Stem Cells Research, the 1960s were coming. These kids in Grease are on the cusp of that moment, just as they are on the cusp of adulthood. Michael Feingold wrote: Grease does not discourse about our presence in Saigon. Nor does it contain in-depth study of such other 50s developments as the growth of mega-corporations and conglomerates, the williams biography, suburban building boom that broke the backs of our cities, the separation of labors political power from the Evolutionary Errors, workers by union leaders and organization men.

Although set in and around an urban high school, it does not even discuss one of the decades dominant news stories, the massive expansion of the williams biography, university system, and the directing of a whole generation of war babies toward the pursuit of college degrees. Stem Essay. Grease is an escape, a musical designed to entertain, not to concern itself with serious political and social matters. But because it is truthful, because it spares neither the details nor the larger shapes of the tennessee biography, narrow experience on which it focuses so tightly, Grease implies the topics I have raised, and many others. Infectious. So I think it is a work of art, a firm image that projects, by means of what it does contain, everything it has chosen to leave out. And between the throbs of its ebullience, charm, and comedy, it conveys a feeling, about where we have been and how we got to where we are During the tennessee williams biography, Greasers senior year at Rydell High, in February 1959, another epoch changing event took place, the plane crash that killed Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and The Big Bopper the day the Cells Research, music died.

The 1950s were coming to tennessee williams biography a close, and fanny fern, a decade full of tennessee williams biography, chaos and controversy was coming fast, with a whole new kind of rock and a whole new kind of American sexuality. Yeats Poems. Grease is a prequel to Hair , every bit as well crafted, every bit as authentic, every bit as insightful, and tennessee, just as truth about an incredibly volatile, fascinating moment in American history. Rock and Roll Party Queen. In the book Fever: How RocknRoll Transformed Gender in America , author Tim Riley writes, The boomers born after World War II, both men and women the characters in Infectious Disease Epidemics Grease were all born around 1942 learned much of what they know about how to be young, how to tennessee williams biography seek and earn love, and how to struggle toward adulthood from the of qualitative research, popular music they listened to. As it would be for decades to come, rock music was more of an tennessee, authority figure than any adult could ever be.

Rock stars helped their young fans grow from boys to men and characteristics of qualitative, girls to women, Riley writes, by exploring and celebrating the biography, nature of that struggle the full range of sexual bewilderment, frustration, and longing. Grease chronicles exactly that phenomenon. The kids in Grease may well have seen their rock heroes in ruth hall fanny fern person, since DJs like Alan Freed (a likely inspiration for Vince Fontaine) frequently hosted live rock and roll concerts in Cleveland, Chicago and tennessee biography, elsewhere. Infectious Disease Epidemics Essay. Howard Miller, known as Uncle Moo Moo, was the number one morning DJ in Chicago from 1947-1968, on WIND, where the Grease kids would no doubt listen to him every morning before school. In 1957, Miller produced the first live rock show in Chicago, featuring Tab Hunter, Charlie Gracie, Chuck Berry, Eddie Cochran, and the Everly Brothers. That same year Alan Freed got his own TV show, and tennessee williams, it was such a success, the next month ABC picked up Dick Clarks American Bandstand as well. In The Century of Sex, Petersen writes, Previously, teenagers had shared their parents world watching the hall, same movies, listening to the same songs on the radio. Now they had their own teenage idols, their own films, music, fads, and tennessee biography, fashions.

In retrospect we know that the well-behaved youngsters of yesteryear werent well-behaved because they were morally superior, but because they rarely had the opportunity to mis behave. In the Evolutionary Errors, 1950s and tennessee williams, even more so in the decades to come those opportunities would be almost without limit. Adults were no longer sources of wisdom; adults were now outsiders. Evolutionary Errors. Teenagers had power and, more important, they had their own culture. Palladino writes in Teenagers : By the mid-1950s, however, Seventeen [magazine]s respectable brand of adolescent culture had real competition white, middle-class teenagers were not the tennessee, only high school students with money to yeats poems spend! Postwar prosperity had opened the door to an entirely different teenage world, one that was populated by working-class and tennessee williams biography, black teenagers who had never participated in high school social life before.

This demographic shift changed the Disease Epidemics, nature and the appeal of the teenage market. These two worlds are represented in tennessee Grease by Sandy and Danny. Rock and roll was the first music ever created specifically for teenagers, and many adults literally predicted the apocalypse when they heard it. Disease Epidemics. Now all American teens would lose their moral compass, they wailed, they would abandon all ambition and drive, and drown in tennessee williams a morass of juvenile delinquency. (These were the Evolutionary Errors, same arguments against swing music in the 40s and drugs in the 60s, yet America kept plugging along.) Sure, there were occasionally riots at rock concerts, but there had also been a riot at a Guy Lombardo concert in tennessee biography 1944. In The Century of Sex , Petersen writes: The ethic, if thats what it could be called, was simply: Dont get in trouble. The sexually active lived in fear of pregnancy. The Kinsey Report had revealed that a large number of women were having premarital sex. A third Kinsey Institute report on Pregnancy, Birth and Abortion, which was published in 1958, would reveal that one out of every five women who had premarital sex became pregnant. Evolutionary. Of those, one in tennessee five would be forced into marriage. The other four women had their pregnancies terminated by abortion.

Grease s subplot with Rizzo and her fear of pregnancy was a real part of Infectious Disease Epidemics, life in the 50s for many unmarried, sexually active women. Unlike their parents, rock and tennessee biography, roll took teenagers seriously . It took teenage sex and Infectious, teenage love seriously. It put teenage emotions on a level with adult emotions, and it made teenagers feel like adults. And the best part for the kids was that parents hated rock and roll. Tennessee Williams. (A 1957 article in Cosmopolitan asked Are You Afraid of Your Teenager?) Much of the authenticity of Grease lies in its songs, a virtual catalog of 1950s styles, structures, chord progressions, lyrical themes, distinctive bass lines, and unforgettable guitar licks, all as authentic as a 1954 Fender Stratocaster. By opening the show with the Disease Essay, old-fashioned Alma Mater, followed by the explosion of the hard rocking Alma Mater Parody, the kids of Grease literally rebel against their older selves (at the reunion), the past assaulting the tennessee williams, present, reminding the ruth hall fern, adults in the audience that most of them have become what they once hated most: The Establishment. The Alma Mater Parody, blasts off with one of the most famous guitar licks of all time, created by tennessee williams Chuck Berry for the hit Johnny B. Goode. Berry was one of the ruth hall fern, fathers of rock and roll, and so in this first scene, Grease instantly establishes its authenticity and its street cred as a rock and roll document. The third song in the show Those Magic Changes comments on rocks most important characteristic aside from the beat the tennessee biography, treatment of teenage love and emotion as serious and legitimate. The lyric starts off as a classic 50s teen lament, but it quickly becomes self-referential, a postmodern 50s song. Its a song about falling in love but also about chord changes, about the comfort and familiarity of those four simple chords that undergirded the majority of early rock and roll. And those four chords open Magic ChangesC, A minor, F, and Essay, G7 ,or I, vi, IV, V 7 . The singer here is a boy lamenting lost love but finding safety and williams, happy memories in those same four chords that he hears in yeats poems every song:

I have never heard that song before, But if I dont hear it anymore, Its still familiar to me, Sends a thrill right through me, Cause those chords remind me of. The night that I first feel in love. To those magic changes. (And notice the internal rhyming that gives the song such momentum: before/anymore, to me/through me, of/love ) But Doody goes even further with the metaphor, now suggesting that its actually teenage emotion that creates, that incarnates rock and roll. He sings: My heart arranges. A melody thats never the williams biography, same, A melody thats calling your name.

And begs you, please, come back to me . Rock gives him those four never-changing chords, and Errors Essay, his heart supplies the always-changing melody. This ever-present chord progression wasnt simple because songwriters were untalented; it was simple to tennessee get out ruth fern of the way of the williams biography, emotions of the songs, just like the best of Evolutionary, rhythm and blues did. Unlike other musical forms and tennessee biography, this was something the adults just couldnt get chords werent the point here. The point is the emotion. This boy has been jilted, but hes not in love with her anymore; now the yeats poems, object of his love is rock and roll itself. Rock and roll understood teenagers.

It wanted what they wanted. The fact that Doody plays the guitar is very significant. The guitar was the symbol of rock and roll, and by extension, of teenage rebellion. An electric guitar was a weapon (just watch how rock Chuck Berry physically used his guitar). Williams. The guitar represented freedom, teen culture, emotion, romance, angst and quite often, a penis! The guitar instilled confidence ! That also explains Johnny Casino and the Gamblers in Grease s prom scene every boy wanted to be a rock and research, roll star.

1959 was a pivotal moment for rock and biography, roll. Up to that time, rock and roll addressed teen angst and misfired romance; but once the of cybercrime, sixties arrived, rock songs would tackle war, injustice, sexual oppression, drugs, hypocrisy and authority, religion, and politics. The songs in Grease straddle those two worlds, posing as the simpler songs of the fifties while subtextually delivering potent social commentary and satire. Feingold wrote in his Grease introduction: Grease is in williams biography possession of a truth, one of Stem Research Essay, its strongest, about the media and how they worked on williams, us. This is of course best seen in its superb, sharp-eared songs. Disease Essay. The musical basis of 50s rock is fractured by comedy quite early in the enumeration of Those Magic Changes. After that it is a matter of astonishment how many delicate subforms there were to the songs of the biography, period, and how many different comic approaches Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey use to ruth hall pin them down: Imitative homage (Rock n Roll Party Queen), outright burlesque (Sandra Dee) ironic, look-the-other-way dirty joke (Mooning), character satire (Freddy, My Love), improbable-situation parody (Beauty School Dropout), and, best of biography, all to my taste, the quiet revelation of fact as an antidote to the sentimentality of the originals.

Take Its Raining on Prom Night truthful, admittedly, but pretty squalid. Small. Petty. Research. Not the deep sentimental tragedy you will find in a prototypical serious song like Tell Tommy I Miss Him or Teen Angel. This song is easier to laugh at than some of the others because it is more firmly distanced not a report of something that actually happens to biography our heroine, just a convenient index to her momentary emotions. Jazz was made for the brain. It was about detachment, bemusement, coolness . But rock and roll came straight for the heart and the groin. It was about primal feelings and desires.

It stripped its sound of precision, elegance, finesse, training (just like Punk). Real rock and roll was animal, outlaw. It was sweaty. It didnt float like jazz. It exploded. It pounded. Rock and roll was banned in major cities across America. Characteristics Research. It terrified white adult America. Listening to rock became the ultimate rebellion for white kids especially. Their parents saw it as the biggest danger to all thats decent since ragtime in tennessee biography the 1910s or alcohol in the 1920s or marijuana in the 1930s or swing in ruth hall the 1940s Rock and roll was responsible for an emotional revolution in America.

It began as race music (in other words, black music) and was initially declared unacceptable for young white ears. But it fast became the first truly racially integrated American art form, coming from equal parts black rhythm blues and white country music. (And the kids in Grease know RB; Rizzo even references Bull Moose Jacksons 1948 RB song Sneaky Pete in the pajama party scene.) This was the first time in tennessee biography America that blacks and characteristics research, whites shared in the same culture, both consuming and creating it. And once Elvis appeared, rock and tennessee biography, roll finally became (marginally) acceptable for white kids. For the first time in research American history, white (young) people were being open and honest even inappropriate about their emotions. This was the tennessee biography, most nakedly emotional music most white Americans had ever heard. And it changed everything. Soon after, in the 1960s, rock and roll would morph into Pop and Infectious Disease Essay, Top 40, and it would no longer be the exclusive domain of the tennessee williams biography, young. The adult world could finally got a grip on it. Elvis had been sent overseas. Chuck Berry was sent to prison for sexual misconduct. Infectious Epidemics. Congress held payola hearings to tennessee williams ruin DJs like Alan Freed, who broadcast his last live radio show in November 1957.

Now, rock and roll would become commercialized and forget its roots. This would continue to happen to rock every decade or so. But Grease is about the beginning, when rock and roll was still pure, still naked, still dangerous, and America was still terrified of it. The Stacks of Wax. The score of Grease is remarkable in its craft and authenticity, even referencing actual songs of the period. Many of the actual period songs that influenced the Grease score were not chart toppers, because the examples of cybercrime, Grease kids didnt always listen to the most popular music; they were more musically and culturally adventurous than that. They listened to songs you could only hear late night on Alan Freeds radio show, race songs, dirty songs, songs that scared adults.

But its important to note that the tennessee, songs of Grease differ from real rock and roll songs in one significant way. Epidemics. The lyrics to real 50s rock and williams biography, roll songs were the least important element of the song, often just dummy lyrics used as a vehicle for the artists personal vocal stylings, or for sophisticated harmonies or melodic ornaments. As in rhythm and blues, one of rock and rolls parents, a song didnt have to convey information, just style and Evolutionary, emotion, most of which was delivered through the abstract language of music. But theatre songs have to convey a lot of information or the tennessee williams biography, show wont work (which is why it was such a mistake to put a real 50s song into the 1994 revival). Because sung lyrics take more time than spoken dialogue, musicals have to do a lot of ruth, storytelling in fewer words than a play. So in Grease , Summer Nights lays out the central backstory, as well as characterizing most of the two gangs through their pointed questions. Magic Changes and tennessee williams, Rock and Roll Party Queen lay out and explore the shows central themes. Yeats Poems. Most of the williams biography, girls songs provide psychological character details Marty and Rizzos cynical view of love in Freddy My Love and Worse Things; the friction between Rizzo and Sandy in Sandra Dee but we also find commentary on 50s sexuality in Greased Lightning, Mooning, Drive-In Movie, and of course Worse Things. Examples Of Cybercrime. Every lyric contributes to the agenda of this deceptively sophisticated concept musical.

Grease opens with an authentically bland and properly pious Alma Mater, the sound of the tennessee biography, adult world, of authority, complete with archaic language (like foretell, hovel, and thou shalt ) which then is ripped apart, deconstructed, unexpectedly exploding into (a close facsimile of) that famous Chuck Berry electric guitar riff, invoking Johnny B. Goode, as well as that audacious rejection of adult culture, Roll Over Beethoven. Like Berrys School Day (Ring, Ring Goes the Essay, Bell), this parody Alma Mater is an assault, a declaration of culture war, a defiant fuck you to the adult world, as they literally steal away the adults anthem, give it a driving beat, and tennessee williams, twist it to suit their own purposes. And so Grease is off and running. This will not be a nice show, a tame show, a traditional show, the music tells us. This will be aggressive, even obnoxious. Of Cybercrime. This will be rock and roll theatre. We move into the second scene and Summer Nights, the introduction of tennessee williams biography, two of the leads and their central plotline, inspired by real rock songs like Huey Piano Smiths Dont You Just Know It?, a song released in 1958 as these kids were starting their senior year. Summer Nights introduces the ten main characters, allowing each of them to ask questions that reveal their characters. Marty wants to know if this guy has a car, while Frenchy only wants to Stem Cells Essay know if Sandys in love. Williams Biography. Kenickie wants to know if the sex was rough, while Sonny only wants to know if the girl could fix him up with a friend.

We see here and in the scene leading up to ruth hall fanny fern the song who each of the ten leads are Kenickie and Rizzo, both damaged, beaten down, angry young adults; Roger, the clown; Jan, the cynic; Doody and Frenchy, the innocents; Sonny, the tennessee, dangerous one; and of cybercrime, Marty, the Material Girl. And the williams biography, song also establishes the central conflict of Grease and of the 1950s, that Danny is comfortable with sexuality while Sandy is lost trapped? in the fantasy of perfect love, thanks to the likes of Sandra Dee, her handlers, and the movie studios (which were losing all their pervious power, due in Embryonic part to the burgeoning teen market). Some sources report that Rizzos dismissal of Sandys tale, Cause he sounds like a drag, was originally written, Cause he sounds like a fag . Its certainly plausible, since Sandy describes a boy who barely touches her all summer, and in Rizzos world, that might well mean the boy is gay (or at least it would be a solid, cynical put-down of tennessee, Sandys romantic story). After the research, song, Rizzo suggests Sandys summer lover may be a fairy. Now that the characters are established and the plot is underway, Grease takes a moment with Those Magic Changes to explore the tennessee, shows central themes, to Essay underline the importance and centrality of tennessee, music in this story and also in the shows social commentary. Closely based on Paul Ankas Diana and its distinctive bass line (you can actually sing Magic Changes to ruth Diana), it also includes those distinctive falsettos vocal ornaments that pay homage to songs like The Diamonds comic doo-wop hit, Lil Darlin. Doody starts off solo, then the girls join in, then the boys join in, then two of the boys take off on williams biography, those falsetto riffs, giving the whole song the characteristics, tang of williams biography, improvisation, as if these kids are just fooling around between classes. Examples Of Cybercrime. This is part of what gives Grease such a unique feel, unlike almost any other musical. This is a song that connects love but also sex in the form of the magic changes of puberty to rock and roll. Tennessee Williams Biography. This wasnt just music to this generation; it was life , it was love, it was sex.

This was their music. They charted their lives to the songs on Essay, the radio, the song they fell in tennessee biography love to, the song they first had sex to. Embryonic Stem Cells Essay. And as Magic Changes reminds us, every song is every other song, since so many of tennessee williams biography, them used those exact same chord changes, a chord progression seemingly invented just for them (though really coming from rhythm and examples of cybercrime, blues). All of rock and tennessee williams, roll is those magic changes that Doody dreams of returning to him every night. The idea that all you need is a guitar to be a rock and roll star (perhaps in tribute to Bobby Bares satirical 1958 Elvis song, All-American Boy) was a deeply ingrained part of teen culture. The next song, Freddy My Love is the shows female doo-wop number, with a lead melody and rich harmonic back-up, closely based on characteristics, Eddie My Love by The Tea Queens, while also slyly parodying The Shirelles I Met Him on a Sunday and Ronnie Spectors Be My Baby, reinforcing old female stereotypes while also undermining and revising them.

The driving triplet accompaniment here was a common beat in early rock and roll, invented by Fats Domino for tennessee Every Night About This Time. Theyre living in the 1950s, but these are women of the 60s. The idea of the yeats poems, other girls becoming back up singers for Marty shows us how much they love the girl doo-wop groups, an tennessee, entirely new phenomenon at that moment that would become huge in the 60s. The Ronettes were the Evolutionary Errors, first slutty girl group to make it big singing rock and roll. They were what the girls wanted to be (to get the guys) and what the guys dreamed about getting. Freddy, My Love is a song about early feminism, about women being sexual and tennessee, aggressive. Embryonic Stem Cells Research Essay. But its also about the materialism of the 1950s, a mindset in which money is better than sex, and gifts are the only true expression of love. And the idea of Marty singing to a guy stationed in Korea references the fact that Elvis was still in williams the Army overseas at this point, a sad fact for many teenagers. Greased Lightning combines two of the three major cultural forces of the 50s, cars and rock and roll.

Possibly inspired by The Cadillacs cocky Speedo, or Chuck Berrys You Cant Catch Me, this is yeats poems a companion piece to Freddy My Love. This is the guys perspective in the language of doo-wop: its all about sex, cars, and sex in cars. An article on Answers.com describes the provocative, lusty Chuck Berry, duckwalking through You Can't Catch Me, in the 1956 film Rock, Rock, Rock : his guitar as phallic looking a stage prop as anything seen on the screen this side of the bananas in a Carmen Miranda production number. Had a Black man ever before been permitted such a degree of williams biography, sexual expression (and you can see the delightful, proud smugness on Berry's face, knowing what audience the movie was aimed at) in a movie intended for white audiences? This is the Essay, unfettered sexuality that terrifies the adult world, and it does the same to Sandy. Greased Lightning is about Americas love affair with cars and teenagers love of speed . According to tennessee Rolling Stones excellent history Rock of Ages , American automakers were asserting their products virtues of speed and power, turning the 1957 models into yeats poems rocketship fantasies with nose cones, chrome grills, and razor sharp fins. This song is not just a catalog of car accessories, but instead a real insight into the dreams of these guys.

After all, this is not a real car Kenickies singing about, but an tennessee, unreachable fantasy car (which is Embryonic Cells Research Essay why it may be better if we dont actually see it onstage), the tennessee, ultimate, luxury, high-performance, drag racing car, with high-priced accessories for speed and performance (lifters, fins, fuel injection), and also for automotive sex appeal (palomino dashboard, purple frenched tail lights, twin tail pipes). And its clear from the details that this will be a car intended for drag racing, the gladiator sport of 1950s teenagers, an extreme and dangerous sport pitting one man against one man , in what was sometimes a battle to actual death. (Kenickie acknowledges this danger, and hall fanny fern, even knows how to diminish it with a fuel-injection cut-off, which stops the tennessee williams biography, flow of gasoline in the event of a crash, in characteristics of qualitative order to lower the danger of an biography, explosion.) Drag racing was illegal, sometimes deadly and really sexy ! Skill and Infectious Disease Epidemics Essay, success in drag racing could always get a guy laid, as Kenickie well knows (or at least imagines): You know that aint no shit; Ill be gettin lots of tit in Greased Lightning. . . Tennessee. You know that I aint braggin; shes a real pussy wagon But the song also tells us that Kenickie doesnt really know much about drag racing or about customizing cars. A true drag racing enthusiast knows that the accessories Kenickie dreams of Embryonic Cells Essay, dont all make sense together. For example, the four-barrel quads refers to a carburetor, but a car with fuel injection (as in tennessee williams his fuel injection cut-off) doesnt have a carburetor those two things would not be on characteristics, the same car. And no one would chrome-plate connecting rods; chrome-plating was just for show and nobody can see connecting rods on a car. Biography. And though palomino leather was popular for car interiors, no one would put palomino leather on a dashboard.

Finally, a kid in 1959 would either make his car look good or go fast; no kid had the money to do both (although you could argue that this is just a fantasy). In fact, a drag car that looked too good was the sure sign of a driver who wasnt really serious about racing. Its safe to assume that Kenickie probably knows very little about cars or drag racing, which gives this lyric far more complexity, humor, and character detail than it seems. The song Mooning may have been inspired by The Mello-Kings Tonight, Tonight or The Skyliners Since I Dont Have You, and though the other songs in characteristics of qualitative research Grease proclaim a new worldview of sex and biography, love, this one also trashes the Infectious Disease Essay, old worldview, reducing the tepid moon-spoon-June romance of the 30s and williams, 40s to silly anachronism. It contrasts love today (1959) with love yesterday (their parents), the physical versus the romantic, the play between the Evolutionary Essay, old definition of tennessee biography, mooning as an over-sentimentalizing of young love, and the new definition of mooning as the ruth hall fanny, act of baring ones ass. Like Summer Nights, this is a song about the difference between chaste love and carnal love, the love Sandra Dee falls into versus the more real, more carnal love of naked, sweaty bodies. But this song goes further, into wickedly funny social satire; Summer Nights is about two kids, but Mooning is about the whole generation. This song is also a great example of the williams, craftsmanship of the songs in Embryonic Stem this show. Far from being merely tribute or parody, they are well written theatre songs. Williams Biography. The lyric for Mooning contains some smart, sly, internal rhymes: Lyin by myself in Infectious Essay bed, I.

Cry an give myself the red eye They rhyme lyin with cry an ; and also bed, I with red eye , with the repetition of myself in williams the middle for structure. And in the couplets payoff, they also sneak in another rude ass joke, playing with two meanings of red eye , referring to characteristics research tear-reddened eyes but also that phrases 1950s slang definition, meaning the anus. As a companion piece to Mooning, Rizzo makes the comparison more personal with Look at Me, Im Sandra Dee, an tennessee williams, assault on Sandys false role models, a shot across the bow, making certain that Sandy knows that Rizzo knows that its all bullshit. Examples Of Cybercrime. The music is a classic, brilliantly imitative 1950s novelty song, with a meter and an introduction lovingly ripped off from David Sevilles The Chipmunk Song, the tennessee, surprise hit of the 1958 Christmas season. Examples. But the laughs get even darker when you realize that every male movie star mentioned in the lyric was a closeted gay man, forced to tennessee williams live a lie by his studio. This is a song about sexual repression, false lives, and false role models, and yeats poems, its proof that Rizzo knows more than we thought, that she has genuine insight into the world around her. And this peek into her mind allows her to carry the weighty There Are Worse Things I Could Do later in Act II. The act ends with We Go Together, an archetypal Happy Teenager song, very closely modeled on The Kodaks Oh Gee, Oh Gosh and Lewis Lymans Im So Happy, maybe with a little dash of Little Richards Tutti Fruitti. (You can actually sing We Go Together to both Im So Happy and Oh Gee, Oh Gosh.) This is a song celebrating the nonsense syllables of early rock and roll, songs like Gee (The Crows), Bip Bam (The Drifters), Oop Shoop, (The Queens), Sh-Boom and Zippity Zum (both by tennessee The Chords).

Little Richards famous phrase that We Go Together celebrates actually started off as Awop-bop-a-loo-mop, a good goddamn!, followed by Tutti Fruiti, good booty It was later cleaned up. But this lyric succeeds as more than just send-up; it is Evolutionary also an tennessee biography, articulation and celebration of this created family that nurtures and protects these kids, an artificial and of cybercrime, also very real family that has through necessity replaced their dysfunctional, probably abusive birth families. Tennessee. It is this family at characteristics of qualitative the heart of the tennessee williams, shows surface plot which must survive the Embryonic Stem, difficulties and williams biography, obstacles of Essay, teenage life, and also which must be sustained even as its leader attempts to create a relationship outside the family for the first time. This lyric tells us and williams, these kids are telling each other that these Ties That Bind are indeed strong enough to withstand the current conflicts, and the songs reprise at the end of the Infectious Epidemics Essay, show reminds us of the tennessee, importance of that strength for these kids. Shakin at the High School Hop. Act II picks up where Act I left off, with Shakin at Infectious the High School Hop, a loving tribute to Little Richards Ready Teddy, as well as many other legendary songs, like Shake, Rattle, and Roll (Big Joe Turner, then Elvis, and others), Whole Lotta Shakin Goin On (Jerry Lee Lewis), High School Confidential (Jerry Lee Lewis), and At the Hop (Danny and the Juniors).

The songs introductory chords come from biography, Bobby Freemans Do You Wanna Dance? In fact, High School Confidential actually contains the Infectious Disease Essay, lyric, Shakin at the high school hop Theres also be a touch of Bobby Darins Splish Splash, a song which references other early rock and roll songs, just as High School Hop catalogues the williams, dances of the time, including The Chicken, The Stroll, The Shimmy, The Cha-Cha, The Walk, The Hully-Gully, The Hand Jive, The Stomp, The Calypso, The Slop, and The Bop. Embryonic Stem Essay. It also names several songs of the biography, period, including Alley Oop and Essay, Mr. Lee, among others. Its Raining on Prom Night is a Connie Francis number, combining attributes from several of her weeper songs, including Frankie (with a spoken section), Valentino, Carolina Moon, and Happy Days and Lonely Nights, among others. The Latin beat recalls her fondness for recording Italian language ballads like the hit Mama, and Frankie even contains the idea of hiding tears, that later shows up in Worse Things I Could Do. It also has echoes of The Diamonds Little Darlin, with its Latin beat and one spoken verse. According to some sources, this was the first Grease song Jacobs and Casey wrote, even before they had conceived the show, satirically putting the trivial and tennessee, mundane at the center of a big, emotional lament.

Far more than any other song in the score, this is parody more than tribute or invocation. The Prom Scene is the centerpiece of Act II and, not surprisingly, almost the entire scene is accompanied by dance music. This is a scene thats entirely about the rock and yeats poems, roll. And the centerpiece of the scene is biography Born to Hand Jive, with its now universally famous choreography. The Hand Jive was invented for Errors Essay the Johnny Otis song, Willie and biography, the Hand Jive, which hit the charts in 1958 and ruth hall fern, stayed in the Top Ten for sixteen weeks. This Hand Jive also takes inspiration (and its bass line) from Bo Diddleys self-titled song, Bo Diddley, with its famous beat (the hambone) that would accompany so many of tennessee, Diddleys songs. Yeats Poems. The beat is relentless, dangerous, wild abandon, the beat of sex. Once again, rock and williams, roll is Errors Essay sex. Johnny Casino and the Gamblers are an example of the tennessee biography, thousands of garage bands that appeared in the 50s.

The lyric of Hand Jive clearly tells us that anyone can be a rock star if theyve got the Beat in them, and the fact that everyone knows how to Hand Jive means everyone has the Beat. This was the beginning of the democratization of pop music that would continue into the 60s. Infectious Disease Essay. Grace Palladino writes, If unremarkable kids like Dion Di Mucci and his group, the Belmonts, who hailed from the Bronx, could make it on American Bandstand , [teenagers] reasoned, then anyone with talent and determination had the same chance to succeed. Beauty School Dropout, Frenchys wacky nightmare of the misogynist mainstream real world, was inspired (musically) by songs like The Penguins classic Earth Angel. But this scene also references the 1957 film Tammy and the Bachelor with Debbie Reynolds. Just before Beauty School Dropout starts, Frenchy wishes for a guardian angel like in that Debbie Reynolds movie. In the film, Aunt Renie (Mildred Natwick) plays the role of Tammy's (metaphorical) fairy godmother, who transforms her into a captivating Southern belle, looking just like the portrait of an ancestor of this elite Southern family. Tennessee Williams. She even gives Tammy the ancestors dress to wear, so she can win the Essay, heart of her love. This is the fantasy Frenchy wants. Tennessee Williams. And of Evolutionary Essay, course, its what will eventually happen to Sandy, being taken under the wing of other women, given new clothes, and taught new manners, though all in a hard-core, rock-and-roll kinda way And its also a smart parody of tennessee williams biography, those psychological dream sequences in old-fashioned musical dramas like Oklahoma!, West Side Story, Lady in the Dark, and others, in which the leading lady works through her dilemma in the form of a dream. The joke here is that Frenchy doesnt get the answer she wants from her dream, because Grease isnt an old-fashioned musical.

Dannys big character song (sadly replaced in the film), Alone at a Drive-In Movie, is a delicious tribute to Infectious Epidemics and parody of the teen laments of early rock and roll, including The Penguins Earth Angel (you can sing Drive-In Movie to the original recording of williams biography, Earth Angel), The Platters The Great Pretender, The Flamingos Would I Be Cryin?, and Johnny Rays Cry. It is a classic male doo-wop song, with its independent bass line and Stem Cells Essay, falsetto tenor floating up above the tennessee biography, lead melody. The song works both as a musical theatre I Want character song, and also as an authentic 50s rock lament. This moment couldnt be clearer: Sandy may want acceptance, (self-)love, self-knowledge, but Danny just wants sex . These two worlds have to find an accommodation, and Stem Cells, they will in the shows finale. (The replacement song in tennessee biography the film, Sandy, isnt a bad song, but it doesnt achieve half of what Alone at a Drive-In Move does, textually, thematically, or musically.) But this song also works on a second level, as a cultural commentary on the power of drive-in movies in teen culture in the 50s. Of Qualitative Research. Cars had been changing sex since the 1920s, but by the 50s, more teenagers had access to cars than ever before, giving them the privacy they craved on a regular basis. Drive-in movies had been created as family entertainment, and between 1943 and tennessee biography, 1953, more than 2,900 drive-in theatres opened in America, the total reaching nearly 5,000 by 1958. And once television stole the family audience, drive-in owners targeted their marketing exclusively at teens, while small, low-budget studios started cranking out examples material specifically for williams this new niche market, creating teen exploitation films that drastically changed and hall fanny fern, radicalized teenagers perception of themselves and each other. Williams Biography. Drive-ins became a place to Essay cruise for girls, hang with the wrong crowd, get drunk and get laid (awkwardly, in williams the back seat).

These films opened teenaged eyes to sex, violence, and other various vices like never before, inadvertently creating a new, more sophisticated, more cynical teen market. The fake movie dialogue in the scene leading up to examples Alone at the Drive-In Movie lampoons the williams, two most prevalent genres of drive-in films: horror movies (a comic mix of I Was a Teenage Werewolf and those paranoid 1950s science run amok flicks, like 1954s Them! ) and Essay, drag racing movies. Strangely enough, television had also come close to killing radio, in ratings and advertising revenue, until radio did what the drive-ins did by targeting teenagers. Rock and Roll Party Queen is another song (like Magic Changes and Hand Jive) that reminds us that Grease isnt primarily about Danny and Sandy; its about rock and roll and williams, how it impacted American sex. Examples Of Cybercrime. This is a tribute to the Everly Brothers and their perfect-thirds harmonies, modeled on Wake Up, Little Susie (a song about having sex at tennessee williams biography the drive-in) and other Everly Brothers hits, as well as songs like the Dell-Vikings Come Go With Me.

The lyric says more than it seems, describing a party girl that all the kids know (in the Biblical sense?), that they talk about, who stays out late with boys, and who will soon be seventeen (the age of sexual consent, which of course means shes currently under the Errors, age of consent). The Party Queen is the fully sexual girl that Rizzo is and biography, Sandy may become. In context, the song both comments on hall fanny fern, Rizzos fears of pregnancy and foreshadows Sandys realization that shes too repressed sexually. This scene also shows us another aspect of 50s teen culture, the Basement Party. Grace Palladino writes in Teenagers , If their parents could afford it, they followed the experts advice to fix up party rooms to keep young teenagers safe at home . Tennessee Biography. . . complete with a television set, soft drink bar, and research, plenty of room for dancing. Jan hosts this party and Marty hosts the pajama party in Act I their parents clearly know about this philosophy.

But the tennessee biography, scene is examples of cybercrime important dramatically because its the first time we see both Rizzo and Kenickie grapple with real, serious emotions, revealing a vulnerability that is uncomfortable for both of them. Rizzos big Eleven OClock Number (the big character-revealing song just before the finale) is the now classic There Are Worse Things I Could Do, possibly inspired by The Tune Weavers Happy, Happy Birthday, Baby, a 50s song with a similar broken heart theme and beat. Rizzo is (spiritually if not actually) one of the Beats (commonly and derisively called Beatniks by williams the mainstream to suggest that they were Communists), a group most famously represented by Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg, who in the 1950s rejected mainstream values, morality, and characteristics research, art, trying to break through the faade of polite society to a more honest, more authentic way of living. Worse Things contains the entirety of 1950s youth (and Beat) morality in its lyric. Like everything else in Grease , Rizzo represents that transition from the 50s to tennessee williams biography the 60s. Shed like us to think shes as authentic as they come, but she hides Kenickies paternity from him and she hides her hurt from her friends.

Its only when Sandy calls Rizzo on her mask that Rizzo sings There Are Worse Things I Could Do, beginning a two-song arc of revelation for Sandy. Structurally, this song links these two women. In each of the three verses, Rizzo attacks Sandy for her perceived sins being a tease (leading Danny on but not delivering), being self-pitying (most notably in yeats poems Raining on Prom Night), and williams, being judgmental (in the scene leading up to the song). As often happens in real life, the sins Rizzo sees in Sandy are also Rizzos sins as well. Worse Things segues directly to its companion piece, Sandy's parallel self-evaluation, the reprise of examples, Look at Me, I'm Sandra Dee, in williams which Sandy finally sees and Errors, accepts the truth in Rizzos metaphor, finally recognizing that she must reject artificial values imposed by othersand find her own way. But Sandy only comes to this realization because Worse Things opened her up to the idea of authenticity as a fundamental value; now she can act on that newfound wisdom in her reprise (just like in all the ancient hero myths). Tim Riley argues in williams Fever that early rock and roll delievered a powerful message to its listeners: The challenge of building an yeats poems, original identity, rather than accepting a received identity predicated on tennessee williams, the values of examples, their parents, became a necessary life passage. Like all the best theatre songs, Sandy makes a decision in the Sandra Dee reprise, and the plot takes a turn toward its final destination. Tennessee. Sandy must decide who she is herself and what she values; she must embrace all of who she is, including her sexuality. Examples. She now realizes that only when she is true to herself can she be happy with Danny, and this final revelation will lead us to biography the shows rowdy, playful finale All Choked Up (sadly replaced in the film by the less carnal disco number You're the One That I Want).

And again, we can see Jacobs and fanny, Caseys lyric writing craft here, as they effortlessly spin out tennessee biography multiple internal rhymes without ever disrupting a line or thought: There has to be. Something more than what they see. Wholesome and pure, Also scared and of cybercrime, unsure, A poor mans Sandra Dee. Poor even rhymes (unnoticed) with pure and unsure . Williams Biography. The bridge is loaded with long e and ruth, long i sounds, in an ABCABC rhyme scheme, with a close interior rhyme at tennessee biography the end, in has and last : When they criticize.

And make fun of Disease Essay, me, Cant they see the tears in my smile? Dont they realize. Theres just one of me, And it has to last me a while?

And the rhyming accelerates in the last verse, giving the song real momentum as Sandy marches toward triumph: Must start anew. Dont you know what you. Hold your head high, Take a deep breath and sigh, Here again, some usually unnoticed treasure, in the powerful alliteration of williams, Hold your head high , as each successive line climbs musically higher and higher to the climax.

But this song isnt just about Stem Research Sandy saying goodbye to her false idols; its also about America saying goodbye to the false idols of the 1950s, saying goodbye to the turning of its collective blind eye away from the hidden horrors of the decade: rampant racism, sexism, homophobia, teen pregnancy and abortion, prescription drug abuse in the suburbs, and so much more. Sandy has to face herself and find her own authenticity, but so too does America. The rowdy All Choked Up, the shows climax, is clearly inspired by Jerry Lee Lewis Great Balls of Fire and perhaps also by Little Willie Johns Fever (later recorded by Peggy Lee in tennessee biography 1958), not only paying tribute to the music but also to of cybercrime the content of tennessee williams biography, Great Balls of Fire, with the Evolutionary Errors Essay, idea of love causing sickness. Here Grease shows us the turmoil ahead in the 1960s, as sexual roles are reversed. Biography. Now that Sandy is a sexual being, she can finally sing real rock and roll. Now Sandy is the aggressor, a lesson she learned from examples, rock and roll, a social trend that would soon push boundaries further and further, from tennessee biography, Tina Turners A Fool in Love well into the 1970s. This is the beginning of fern, feminism. Now American women could be sexual too. Tennessee Williams. Many of those who still object to the shows ending miss the yeats poems, point of the show and may be unconsciously still caught up in gender stereotypes from the 50s that remain pervasive today. Tennessee Williams. If a boy is sexually aggressive (as in yeats poems Greased Lightning) hes just a Guy. If a girl is williams biography sexually aggressive, shes a Slut.

Have we really come all that far since 1959? But notice the lyric that Sandy sings: Oh baby, take it slow and dont complain Shes still not ready to sleep with Danny. And later in the song: Danny: Oh baby, take my ring cause youre my match. Sandy: Well, I still think theres strings attached Danny: Youre writin my epitaph! Sandy: Well, thats just tough and half. Danny: Youre gonna make me die! Sandy: Dont make me laugh!

Sandy may have changed the way she looks, and Disease, she may now have a more progressive philosophy of williams, sexuality, but no matter how dramatically Danny pleads, shes still not going all the way just yet; that part of her has not changed fundamentally. She has not become a slut. But perhaps even more significant than Sandys new sexualized rock and roll persona in All Choked Up is her line after the song: Danny asks her if shes still mad at him and she answers, Nah, fuck it. Research. That this is the first time weve heard Sandy talk like that is certainly important, but even more so is what her answer means . The phrase is not just obscene; its also a universally recognized idiom with two related meanings. First, it says to the world that the speaker just doesnt care anymore. Sandys not just cussing here; shes publicly rejecting all the values of her past life, in particular the tennessee williams, idea that sex is yeats poems dirty.

Shes moving from the 50s to the 60s. The other parallel meaning is that regardless of the consequences, the speaker is charging ahead, and thats part of tennessee williams biography, this moment as well.

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#8216;Alien#8217;: Neil Marshall praises Ridley Scott#8217;s sci-fi classic [guest essay] Sigourney Weaver and tennessee biography director Ridley Scott on the set of Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) Actress Sigourney Weaver. Cells Research? (Casey Curry / Associated Press) Sigourney Weaver as Ellen Ripley, in a scene from the 1979 film Alien. (20th Century Fox) A scene from tennessee Alien. (20th Century Fox) A scene from yeats poems Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from biography Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from Alien. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from Alien. Examples? (Hulton Archive / Getty Images) A scene from the williams, 1986 sequel Aliens. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from the yeats poems, 1986 sequel Aliens. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from the 1986 sequel Aliens. Tennessee Williams Biography? (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from the 1986 sequel Aliens. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) Sigourney Weaver is the guest of honor at the 2014 Hero Complex Film Festival. (Lawrence K. Ho/Los Angeles Times) Sigourney Weaver is the guest of honor at the 2014 Hero Complex Film Festival. (Lawrence K. Ho/Los Angeles Times) In the Disease, spirit of Halloween, Hero Complex reached out to select filmmakers to solicit their fondest memories of tennessee, classic horror. Below, Neil Marshall #8212; who recently directed the pilot episode of NBC#8217;s new series #8220;Constantine,#8221; and who produced the ghost story #8220;Soulmate,#8221; which arrived on DVD this week #8212; discusses his respect and admiration for Ridley Scott#8217;s #8220;Alien.#8221; He also addresses its influence on his features, including the acclaimed thriller #8220;The Descent,#8221; a superlative horror story that sees a strong heroine fighting monsters in a confined setting. Director Neil Marshall. (Courtesy of Neil Marshall) Few horror movies have had such a profound effect on me as Ridley Scotts 1979 masterpiece, #8220;Alien.#8221; Few movies of of cybercrime, any kind have had as much of an impact and tennessee biography influence on the movies I make. I was too young to catch it at ruth fern the cinema when it was first released, but my uncle did, and he enthralled me with tales of williams, strange planets, chestbursters and the unusual notion of a woman as the Disease Epidemics Essay, hero of a science-fiction horror movie. I was hooked, but I didnt get to see it for tennessee biography myself until it was first broadcast on television in of cybercrime, the UK in 1982 when I was 12, and it surpassed all expectations. A scene from #8220;Alien.#8221; (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) Director Ridley Scott, along with artists H.R. Giger and Ron Cobb, working from a script by Dan OBannon and biography Ronald Shusett, set out to create two utterly realistic and compelling future worlds, one human, one alien, and then set them on yeats poems, a collision course. There is nothing in #8220;Alien#8221; that ever seems fake.

The sets, the spacecraft, the planet, the characters, the costumes, the performances; everything feels credible and authentic. The opening on the movie gives us a brief tour of the #8220;tug#8221; Nostromo, a workhorse of the spaceways, cumbersome and functional. Inside, its corridors are claustrophobic, dark, wet and tennessee biography grimy. This feels every inch a lived-in working environment and its rudimentary familiarity draws you into the story. Everything in this world is out to get you, from the vacuum of space to the cornbread and the corporation, let alone androids and alien beings. Space travel, in fanny fern, this movie, is no picnic.

The characters Ripley, Dallas, Ash, Kane, Parker, Brett and Lambert are blue-collar workers we can readily identify with. They bitch about money, food, and each other. After spending months in hypersleep, who wouldnt be a little grumpy? I love that theyre not a bunch of teens in jeopardy. Theyre not even that sympathetic. Instead theyre scratchy, sweaty, and stretched thin by tennessee williams biography, months in close quarters confinement.

Theyre flawed and characteristics therefore very human. Tennessee Biography? The ALIEN on the other hand, is examples of cybercrime described by Ash as the perfect organism. Its very perfection is what makes it so otherworldly. As a biological entity, its precise, elegant and williams lethal. Everything about the yeats poems, ALIEN is sexual its design, life cycle, its behavior given Gigers work thats not too surprising. What it added to movie lore is a creature (actually multiple creatures) not merely repulsive and terrifying, but also darkly beautiful and disturbing.

A scene from #8220;Alien.#8221; (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) So which came first, the ALIEN or the EGG? Actually neither. The derelict spacecraft comes first, if indeed it is a spacecraft. It looks almost organic and comes complete with several vagina-like portals through which our heroes gain access. Tennessee Williams Biography? Is it a female spacecraft? It has something resembling a pilot (more of which later) but it also has a womb, loaded with EGGS just waiting for some unwitting human to stray inside and #8220;fertilize.#8221; Kane describes these EGGS as round leathery objects. They seem to be alive and ruth hall fanny are crowned with yet more vagina-like orifices that open up and ejaculate another alien organism say hello to tennessee the FACE-HUGGER. A scene from #8220;Alien.#8221; (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) This little beast essentially kills you by Evolutionary Essay, raping your face and tennessee williams biography making you pregnant, and this is by no means limited to woman. Characteristics Of Qualitative? The alien cant be accused of being sexist. Any sex, any age, any thing is fair game, and if youre unlucky enough to be orally impregnated, then the process of giving birth is no less unpleasant and tennessee williams biography ultimately fatal.

Much has been said about the CHESTBURSTERs big entrance, and yet despite lifting all the veils of characteristics of qualitative, movie magic it still retains the power to shock and tennessee williams disturb. Its violent, painful and bloody, but none of examples, it would be nearly so convincing if it wasnt for John Hurts agonizing death throes and the rest of the cast looking on, dumbfounded and appalled. The aliens may be monstrous, but its the humans that sell the williams, horror in the movie. And so we come to the main event, the ALIEN itself, a gangly, seven-foot-tall, drooling, slithering phallus of death, complete with erectile tongue for thrusting out and penetrating its victims#8217; bodies. Id say you couldnt make this up, but they did, and in ruth fanny fern, turn created the greatest movie monster of all. Tennessee? To me, ALIEN (both the hall, movie and the creature) is a perfect collaboration of brilliant minds and creative forces, all working together to push the envelope of #8217;70s cinema. I somehow doubt this movie would get made in today#8217;s movie climate. Its too adult, or perhaps too alien, for tennessee williams biography an audience weaned on superheroes and CGI.

And yet, it spawned a successful franchise thats still going strong today, via sequels, spin-offs, video games, and Infectious Disease Epidemics Essay recently a prequel. And therein lies the rub#8230;. Tennessee Biography? When I first saw #8220;Alien,#8221; the thing that burrowed deepest into my mind was not the Embryonic Stem Cells, ALIEN or the tennessee williams biography, FACE-HUGGER or the EGG, but the ruth fanny, other alien creature seen in the movie, the SPACE JOCKEY. This, to me, was far more incomprehensible than the ALIEN itself. Despite all Ive said above, the ALIEN is basically a predator, and williams thats something I can get my head around. The SPACE JOCKEY, on the other hand, is entirely unfathomable. Has it grown out of the chair? Has its #8220;nose#8221; apparently connected to examples its body in such a way it cannot move? It is, to my mind, something utterly and completely alien.

Imagine my crushing disappointment to find out, all these years later, that it was not some inscrutable alien being after all, but was, within the williams biography, context of the story, just a man in research, a suit ! Painfully ironic, given the tennessee williams, lengths they went to in the original movie to disguise the fact that the ALIEN (played by Bolaji Badejo) was in Errors, fact just that. Nevertheless, #8220;Alien#8221; is still a remarkable film-making achievement and an intense and tennessee biography terrifying movie which still holds up today with considerable ease. Gene Ha#8217;s poster for NBC#8217;s #8220;Constantine.#8221; (NBC / DC Comics) 2 Responses to #8216;Alien#8217;: Neil Marshall praises Ridley Scott#8217;s sci-fi classic [guest essay] thanks for post. I too saw Alien as a pre-teen as my sister worked at the movie theater and snuck me in. It was the most shocking movie I had seen to that point and maybe since. The thing that changed everything was that prior to that space was something man played in, both Star Trek and Infectious Disease Epidemics Star Wars had made space a playground where the likes of Han Solo only needed a dust mask to even breath. Then this Movie arrived and biography all of a sudden space was scary as hell.

RT @MNightShyamalan: Day 1: Seventeen years in the making. Infectious Epidemics? #Glasshttps://t.co/La6X6alKgx2 days ago RT @tracycbrown: Stop dissing Wonder Woman fw.to/sI7wPFY6 days ago RT @jenyamato: Also discovered diving into this Stephen King Moment: Filmmakers love IT, critics can#039;t forget MAXIMUM OVERDRIVE https://t.c1 week ago RT @jenyamato: Why are we so obsessed w/ @StephenKing rn? #GeraldsGame#039;s @FlanaganFilm, 1922#039;s Zak Hilditch, @leonardmaltin explain https:/ 1 week ago Fans are running AMUCK at biography the news of a Hocus Pocus remake. Characteristics? latimes.com/entertainment/https://t.co/GmDBJZ3F251 week ago Follow @latherocomplex. Terms of Service | Privacy Policy, Updated 10/19/11 | Los Angeles Times, 202 West 1st Street, Los Angeles, California, 90012 | Copyright 2017.

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Free Essays on Billy Bishop Goes To War. BILLY BISHOP Iysha Nobes Billy Bishop was a war hero and legend who was victorious, courageous, and an amazing leader in World War One. Billy Bishop should be remembered by biography, his courageous acts by examples, being the representative on our Canadian $100 note. Billy Bishop was a Canadian. The Destructiveness of War in Slaughterhouse-Five. 19). Kurt Vonnegut experienced first hand the tennessee williams Dresden Fire Bombing of ruth hall fern, World War II.

The Dresden Fire Bombing was a massacre that was designed by the allies to kill as many German civilians as possible. Because of Vonneguts war torn mind, it took him nearly 25 years to write Slaughterhouse-Five, a fictionalized. the mention of war and the key motif of so it goes contribute to the novel? Throughout the novel Slaughterhouse-five by Kurt Vonnegut we focus on three motifs/themes to define whether or not it is an anti- war novel. Tennessee Biography! Through the Epidemics anti- war illusion of free will theme and the so it goes motif we are. The Catastrophe of War in Slaughterhouse Five. The Catastrophe of tennessee, War in characteristics of qualitative Slaughterhouse-Five Russian Prime Minister Joseph Stalin once said, A single death is a tragedy, a million deaths is a statistic. Tennessee Biography! The impersonalization of war and death that he shares is an Evolutionary Errors Essay realistic characterization of war ; originally intending to improve the lives of people. SlaughterHouse-Five is a book about a man named Billy Pilgrim who is stuck in time, and constantly travels throughout different events in his life. Williams Biography! Billy accepts different values and sees traumatic and morbid events differently than others.

Billy accepts a way of characteristics research, life that is not perceivable to other. devout Christian whose inclination was towards the Puritans during the religious debates of his day. However, he was opposed to church government by bishops and did political pamphlets writing on biography, the side of Essay, revolution which advocates the abolition of episcopacy. Miltons purpose for writing Paradise. Insanity of War in Slaughterhouse Five. gawky World War II veteran/soldier, Billy Pilgrim. His wartime experiences and their effects lead him to the ultimate conclusion that war is unexplainable. To portray this effectively, Vonnegut presents the story in two dimensions: historical and tennessee, science-fiction.

The irrationality of war is emphasized. Slaughterhouse Five is basically an anti- war novel, written by of cybercrime, Kurt Vonnegut. which aforementioned theme of this novels sight is stressed during Billys time with the Tralfamadorians, Really, everything important happens during Billys time with the Tralfamadorians. They tell Billy that, Earth is just a small. office right before 1st world war . Historical Significance: Robert Borden was the prime minister of Canada when Great Britain declared war on Germany, he knew that Canada was ill-prepared for war , yet he raised a fighting force of tennessee biography, nearly 600,000 at the end of the war and Canadians were feared on the. One In this particular passage, Billy Pilgrim has just gotten out research, of the williams biography hospital after his nearly fatal plane crash and managed to Embryonic Research Essay escape to New York City by tennessee williams, himself. After being kicked out of a radio station for of qualitative research, talking about his ideas about Tralfamadorians, he goes into one of his momentary time lapses.

Support or refute the argument that the prolonged and bloody stalemate of the World War I. World War I stemmed from a slavish adherence to the theories proposed by Clausewitz. By Major Billy Stubbs H100 Outline Argumentative Essay June 22, 2015 General Carl von Clausewitz is one of the best-known translators of Napoleons success during war and tennessee williams, is. ? The story of Billy Budd focuses on the distinction between laws of Cells Essay, nature and laws of society. Billy Budd is a seaman for williams biography, the British Royal Navy that is Embryonic Stem Cells forced off his current ship, to a new ship and new crew. Billys primary quality is his extraordinary innocence.

One of his main. William Avery Bishop was born on February 8, 1894, to biography William and Essay, Margaret Bishop of Owen Sound, Ontario. Tennessee Biography! He was the Embryonic Stem Cells middle child of three. His father was Grey County registrar and a strict Liberal, but he had a conservative attitude to life. Billy had a tough life at school, he was required to wear. exist. [] (26-27) Valencia died of carbon monoxide poisoning due to the breakdown of her cars exhaust system on her way to williams visit Billy in hospital. Billy miraculously survived the plane crash which killed all the other passengers and crew. He seems to have had much more reason to die than his. ? Billy Donovan Billy donovan is one of the characteristics of qualitative best college basketball coaches out there and williams biography, the way he does it is different then how most coaches do it. The way he builds his team is different from the other powerhouses. Ruth Fern! He doesn't just go after the best players, he goes after the best players that.

Migrant Hostel and williams, Billy Elliot Essay. acceptance and understanding. This is recognised in Migrant Hostel, a poem by Peter Skrzynecki, Billy Elliot a film by Stephen Daldry. Examples Of Cybercrime! Migrant Hostel, by tennessee biography, Skrzynecki, is Errors set after the tennessee williams Second World War , where European migrants were brought into Australia by the government intentionally to increase. World War II can be rightly called one of the most significant events in the history of characteristics research, humanity. It had a significant impact on the development of the entire world, and resulted in the revision of many socio-political doctrines, policies, and principles of international relations. World War II had. The Horror of War Exposed in Slaughterhouse Five. The Horror of War Exposed in Slaughterhouse Five When one begins to analyze a military novel it is important to first look at the historical context in williams biography which the book was written. On the nights of February 13-14 in 1944 the city of Dresden, Germany was subjected to one of. Civil War is the most complex and fascinating, not least because it resulted in the first and fanny fern, only time a monarch has ever been put on trial in Britain. The British Civil War that started in 1642 has been described as an accidental war : some form of crisis war inevitable, yet an actual civil war was.

Michael Ashmore Mr. Phillipy Lyceum 4 12 October 2007 All this happened, more or less. The war parts, anyway, are pretty much true (S5 1). Nevertheless, it all started with a skeptic named Kurt Vonnegut Jr. As a writer, Vonnegut first caught readers interest with his answer to the meaning.

?American Lit. Williams Biography! Study Guide Know dramatic situation, form of poem, setting, and plot for all stories/poems Elizabeth Bishop Her father died when she was 8 years old; her mother suffered a series of breakdowns and was institutionalized when her daughter was 5. Marianne Moore influenced her in college. hotel on the corner of Evolutionary, bitter and sweer. ?Slaughterhouse Five War Song (Based on williams biography, War Song by Edwin Starr) War , huh yeah What is it good for? So It goes (Vonnegut p. 36), oh hoh, oh War huh yeah What is it good for? So it goes (Vonnegut p.10) again y'all War , huh good God What is it good for? So it goes , (Vonnegut p.10) war forever be . War and Peace is something that will never happen. Too many countries have too much military power and don't want to give in to any other country. War is something that the world is going to have to deal with because there has been very few years over the history of the examples of cybercrime world that have been war free.

Billy Graham Was One of the tennessee williams biography Greatest Evangelists of 20th Century. Evolutionary! Was He a Fundamentalist? Why and williams biography, Why Not. INTRODUCTION Billy Graham was one of the greatest Evangelists of 20th century. Was he a fundamentalist?

Why and Infectious Disease Essay, why not. This essay is tennessee going to base its focus on Embryonic Stem Cells Essay, Graham's personal life, the kind of family he grew up in tennessee williams biography and how he became an evangelist but the main focus of the characteristics of qualitative essay is going to be on. time to tennessee williams biography process this news. All too soon, a cryptic prophecy from the Oracle sends Percy on his first quest, a mission to the Underworld to prevent a war among the gods of Olympus. THE GIVING TREE Once there was a treeand she loved a little boy. So begins a story of hall fern, unforgettable perception. chances of williams, life get him.

Billy goes back in time in random dates. He sees his wedding day, 1955,1941, and 1963. Characteristics Of Qualitative! He could try to change the tennessee williams biography course of his wedding day, but he chooses to go with it. Not only that but he can change the whole course in his life.: Billy has gone to sleep and senile. Portrayal of the hall fanny Artist in the Collected Works of Billy the Kid. The Portrayal of the Artist in The Collected Works of Billy the Kid The dictionary.com definition of tennessee williams, artist is Infectious Essay a person who produces works in any of the arts that are primarily subject to aesthetic criteria. However, it also defines artist as a person whose work exhibits exceptional skill. This. chalk and cheese taleggio cheese on toast stinking bishop ricotta stilton cheese slices. Cheesy grin port-salut who moved my cheese babybel mascarpone caerphilly edam macaroni cheese. Airedale blue castello danish fontina blue castello stinking bishop cheese triangles mozzarella everyone loves.

Fromage. Melvilles Billy Bud This excerpt by Melville is from the scene where the chaplain is tennessee biography with Billy before his execution. This part of the passage is saying that even though the worthy man Captain Vere and in this scene the Chaplain essentially knows that Billy is innocent in Embryonic Stem Research Essay all of the tennessee williams biography ways that truly. Vonnegut and the Tralfamadorian Philosophy. Vonnegut and the Tralfamadorian Philosophy In summation Kurt Vonneguts Slaughterhouse-Five details the World War II experiences of Billy Pilgrim, an off-the-wall optometrist from Ilium, New York. However, the questions and philosophies inserted within the novel broaden its context far beyond that. Comparison of Beka Lamb and characteristics of qualitative research, Billy Casper. The lives of the protagonist, Billy Casper in the novel Kestrel for a Naive by Barry Hines sand Beka Lamb in the novel Beka Lamb by Zee Edgell, can be compared and contrasted. Tennessee Biography! Although, the novels were written by authors from different parts of the world (Non-West Indian and West Indian respectively).

Individual vs. Society in Billy Budd. example, the participation of war unhesitatingly deprives individuals of their rights. Although an individuals rights may be limited, it is beneficial because we are prevented from the evil natures of numerous individuals that surround us everyday. Disease! Herman Melvilles, Billy Budd is subject to the conflict.

Was Billy Bishop a Hero or a Fraud? An event that occurred in historical time and tennessee williams, has evolved the world into an improved environment today is classified as a defining moment. Many famous Canadian men, women, and fern, children have become a part of the defining moments for many reasons, such as being a soldier. ?Anti War Themes In Catch -22 Slaughter House Five And Night Essay, Research Paper People convey their opinions about moral and social dilemmas in different ways. Writers use different literary forms to express their ideas. Autobiographical books are one means authors use to convey their personal history. Korean War Throughout history the williams United Sates of America has had to protect the great freedom that we have. Japan had control of Korea for 35 years, but after WWII Korea was free. Hitler committed suicide and A bombs dropped in Japan ending WWII. Korea splits into two governments that divide the.

also his personal friend, was a great leader. Einhard begins by telling some history of Charlemagne's family and ancestry. Einhard then goes on to tell about every war Charlemagne was ever involved in. Einhard's main reason for writing this description of Charlemagne's reign is just to inform people of. have and all that they are. Of Cybercrime! -- Hafsat Abiola In some ways, the challenges are even more daunting than they were at tennessee biography the peak of the cold war . Not only do we continue to face grave nuclear threats, but those threats are being compounded by new weapons developments, new violence within States. individuals and ideas. 1. The seeds of conflict 2. Emergence of Cold War , 1944-53 3. Evolutionary Essay! The Thaw Peaceful Co-existence 4. The arms impact of the arms race 5. Sin-Soviet relations 6. Detente 7. End of Cold War Reminder of the structure of biography, Unit 3 Unit 3 = 25% of examples, total marks Written. Explaining the British Civil Wars. How Does One Explain the biography British Civil Wars ? Many historians often argue about how to explain the English Civil Wars that occurred in Great Britain during the seventeenth century. Some say they were wars of religion or class conflict while others say they were a combination of things. After reading.

War is a conflict involving the organized use of weapons and physical force by yeats poems, states or other large-scale groups. Warring parties usually hold territory, which they can win or lose; and each has a leading person or organization which can surrender, or collapse, thus ending the war . Wars are usually. Law in Billy Budd The story Billy Budd by Herman Melville takes place in tennessee 1797 on a British navel warship. A man named Billy Budd was recruited into the ranks as a naval sailor for the British ranks. Britain was at war with France during the time so on the warships marshal law was used. Billy Budd.

Billy Collins The Trouble with Poetry I am ashamed to admit, that before taking my first Poetry class that I had never heard of the former U.S. Poet Laureate, Billy Collins. I am even more. ? Civil War 10 Day Unit Plan Stephanie Smith Grand Canyon University: SED 444 September 28, 2014 Professor Ritchie Unit Rationale This unit will focus on the Civil War and the different lessons that pertain to the history of the yeats poems war . We will explore the different battles. Domremy, France, to tennessee biography Jacques dArc and his wife Isabelle, on January 6, 1412. During the time Joan of examples of cybercrime, Arc was born and growing up, the Hundred Years War (1337-1453) was taking place between two royal houses for the French throne, one English house and tennessee williams, one French. The French were split into characteristics of qualitative research two aggressive. sneaks out and tennessee biography, goes to yeats poems the Cova at night to speak to the blessed mother but she doesnt appear. Tennessee Biography! Lucia ends up falling asleep there. Fern! Everyone attends the Cova the next day including the tennessee williams police and priest.

The three children call upon the holy mother and she appears, telling them about World War II and how. Ivan Viktor Serdar English 10 Mrs.Lewis Billy the Kid Billy the Kid, how his teachers and fellow students call him, is 13 years old, and is going to yeats poems be 14 in less than a month. He attends the local school and plays football whenever he can. For Billy , football is his true love and tennessee williams, even though he. War is an extremely controversial topic, especially amongst philosophers. It raises many ethical and political questions, the most important, perhaps, being the circumstances under which going to war are justifiable. Views on Evolutionary, the law of war vary greatly.

Some believe non-violence is the only acceptable. Can There Ever Be A Just War The question as to whether there can ever be a war that is justified entirely by tennessee biography, the just war theory is a somewhat more difficult question than it would appear on Evolutionary Essay, the surface. The just war theory was devised and matured over a tremendously long period of time with the. for groceries. And if the limited-assortment stores offer is acceptable to you, then youre overpaying if youre going somewhere else. Willard Bishop , Bishop Consulting, October 1994 The worse off people are, the better off we are. Anna Albrecht, mother of biography, Aldi owners Karl and Theo Aldi . Slaughterhouse Five by Infectious Disease Epidemics Essay, Kurt Vonnegut . The effects of war. the horror of war . This is shown by the means of the protagonist- Billy Pilgrim. , ' Billys phsychic journeys symbolize the wounded soul in need of relief from the horrors of modern life' (Harris, last 2 lines).

I happen to disagree with one part of tennessee biography, this statement. I think that Billys journeys symbolize. but rather just stating a simple argument to prove that Billy Bishop (a canadian flying ace during the worldwar) was or was not a canadian hero.** The dictionary defines a hero as a man admired for Research, his achievements and biography, qualities. Billy Bishop fits that definition perfectly yet somehow some Canadians. Australians at War - Poetry Exposition. lives in war to protect this country.

One way of honouring this tradition is poetry based on Australians at war , portraying the bravery of the ANZACS. There are two significant poems that reflect this bravery and also the destruction of war that I believe vocalise the aspect of Australians at war to a. of a Nation, written and directed by characteristics, D.W. Griffith. The film, which was mainly set in a town, in South Carolina, before and following to the Civil War , replicates servitude in a composed manner, characterize black people as being useful for small however predictable work, and exhibit them, in Reconstruction. The Poetry of Elizabeth Bishop : A Personal Response In my answer I will be talking about my ideas on the themes, styles, and williams biography, images in yeats poems the poetry of Elizabeth Bishop . Elizabeth Bishop was born on the 8th of February 1911 in tennessee williams Worcester, Massachusetts.

Her father died when she was eight months old and. FILM STUDY GUIDE: BILLY ELLIOT : As we go back over the film, scene by scene. Summary. The Miners Strike Lee Hall, the writer of Billy Elliot, set his screenplay in a mining village in the north east of England, during the Miners Strike of 1984. He sees the strike as 'a class war where the state was.

doesnt judge them, nor does he discriminate them, whether they are Chronic or Acute. Billy Bibbit is ruth hall fanny voluntarily in the ward. He is in 30s and his mother, close friends with Nurse Ratched, still treats him as a boy. Billy never got to experience real life because his mother was always by his side. This. Sassoons war poems 23rd September 09 Siegfried Sassoon was an anti war poet from the first world war , he wrote many poems expressing the biography way he felt about the war and the effects it had on him and other members of his platoon.

The poems that I have read by. listens as two crack dealers discuss receiving sex in exchange for drugs. He sees other boys flirting with girls but purposely keeps his distance. Embryonic Stem Research! He goes home to an apartment near the corner of 16th and tennessee williams biography, V streets, and soon after his mother Barbara arrives from work. He makes hash for dinner and, instead. War Photographer A poem that deals with the less pleasant side of life is Carol Ann Duffys War Photographer The poem is yeats poems about a man who goes out to tennessee places of war and takes photos of the wars . He brings home pictures of horrific images so they can be looked at by the editor who will put them in. When Good Men Do Nothing- various forms of evil present in various character in the story of Billy Budd.

cured through proper education and yeats poems, more rationality. Each type of evil mentioned earlier has its representative in the story of Billy Budd. Williams Biography! Claggert bears malice for Billy for yeats poems, the sake of evil and tennessee williams biography, his natural tendency to detest the characteristics of qualitative research good; Squeak ignores the importance of goodness, justice, and honesty.

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Free Research Paper Samples, Research Proposal Examples and Tips | UsefulResearchPapers.com. Within the conceptual framework of this research, we will identify and define the biography, risk faced by banks. Major emphasis will be placed on the practical considerations of auditors and accountants in facing these risks. The various risks defined and prevented by Evolutionary Errors auditors include: Interest rate risk, Asset quality risk, Fiduciary Risk, Processing risk, Credit risk, market risk, Liquidity risk, Operational risk, Legal risk, Reputational risk. To address all those risks, auditors had developed numerous applicable tests and biography procedures, which will also be discussed in this report. For auditors, a banking client tends to indicate increased engagement risk and the procedures to be undertaken when assessing the engagement risk need to be more rigorously applied because: Banks can be highly geared and exposed to Infectious Disease Epidemics, more risks than most organizations There may be more stakeholders who rely on the accuracy of a banks financial reporting and williams biography the integrity of its policies, procedures, and controls Banks generally handle complex and innovative financial products Banks may operate in a volatile industry and markets There may be additional reporting requirements imposed by regulatory authorities. The cross-disciplinary perception differs from the traditional silo mentality wherein credit risk management is owned by lenders, rate risk by treasure, operations risk by audit, and so forth, with no one responsible for evaluating the companys overall risk profile. Cells. (Aharony 12) Continue reading → Research Paper on Biodiversity in Rainforests. In order to understand and analyze the concept of biodiversity in rainforests, its importance, and in contrast the causes and consequences of the lack of such- one must understand the concepts of biodiversity and the special traits of rainforests. Biodiversity is defined below:

Biodiversity is known as biological diversity; broadly speaking, biodiversity describes the huge variety of species (both plant and animal) found on Earth and the natural way in which ecosystems and communities are formed. (Sharon Falsetto) Many people are not aware of the importance of Biodiversity; in order to increase human awareness in this matter, scientists declared the year 2010 as the International Year of Diversity. Furthermore, biodiversity is vital to our every-day life, as well as the existence of Earth: biodiversity plays an important role in medicine, food production, shelter, the purification and filtration of air and tennessee biography water, and examples more generally it maintains a balance between all organisms and keeps the circle of tennessee life to Infectious, spin. Continue reading → China can only go from strength to strength. (Tom Elliott, JP Morgan Flemings strategist) China is a developing country and biography a major world trading power. Yeats Poems. For the last half a century, Chinese industry and economy have undergone immense historic changes, bringing development, innovation and modernization to the country. In 1949 New China had to start almost from scratch, because nearly all of the industrial products we imported to the country and the state of affairs in all the branches of industry remained incredibly unstable. Thus, the same year, Chinese government realized an amazing large-scale project the development of Chinas industrial sector.

Some of its branches like metallurgy, mining, energy producing industries, airplane and automobile industries were strengthened, others, including petrochemicals, computers, telecommunication equipment, instruments, meters, and aeronautics were built up from tennessee williams biography, nothing. The development of the hall fern, whole industrial structure was thoroughly planned and as the result the williams, levels of production raised considerably. Though the levels went up the industry required reforms and development of characteristics of qualitative government policies. Thats why the turning point in williams the development of the country was the characteristics of qualitative research, actual implementation of the policies of reforms and opening to tennessee, the outside world which started in the year of 1978. The industrial reform provided enterprises and companies with more rights at the same time giving the owners of these enterprises more profits. The other innovations were the extension of independent operations and implementation of the enterprise contract responsibility system, which improved the operation procedure of enterprises, influencing the enterprise itself, its workers and staff.

This system gave a perfect chance for people to take the initiative and show their creativity. The next step in the industrialization of China was introduction of foreign capital and opening to examples of cybercrime, the outside world. This resulted the establishment of many Sino-foreign joint enterprises and wholly foreign-owned companies and actually brought modernization to tennessee biography, the enterprises (both in Infectious Disease Epidemics their management and their equipment), at the same time attracting more capital to the country. Continue reading → Frida Kahlo was one of the most admired women of the 20th century who has left a deep imprint on tennessee williams, the history of art and culture. With her strong personality, she was able to overcome the numerous misfortunes of Infectious Epidemics Essay her life, and her paintings reflect the tremendous optimism with which she lived her life. Native Mexican background, foreign influences, revolutionary ideas, and affairs with some of the tennessee williams biography, most outstanding men of the epoch all found reflection in the artists work. Essay. Her painting, a mysterious Surrealist world in which the principles of contemporary art are expressed through the tennessee williams, artists personal vision and history, is one of the most significant legacies of hall fanny 20th-century Latin American artwork. Frida Kahlo was born in biography Coyoacan on examples, 6 July 1907, in the family of biography Guillermo Kahlo, a photographer, and Matilde Calderon. The event that was to shape her whole life and artwork happened six years later when she contracted poliomyelitis. Later on, in hall fanny fern 1925, she was injured badly in a road accident that affected her health for a lifetime, causing her to have sixteen surgeries over the years (Farris 1999:152).

After this accident Frida first learned painting that distracted her from the pain. She began to paint lying fiat on her back confined in a plaster cast (Wolfe 1963:394). The exposure to pain and suffering from her early years left Frida with a dramatic perception of reality and human life that were demonstrated in tennessee biography all of her later work. When Frida was recovering from polio, spending nine months in one room, she invented herself an imaginary girlfriend that later appeared in her work The Two Fridas. Revealing her logic in her writings, Frida explained the idea of The Two Fridas in the following way: Continue reading → As the matter of fact the Evolutionary Errors Essay, Korean War (often called the forgotten war) became an biography, actual beginning of the Cold War that had major influence on characteristics of qualitative, the international relations for tennessee williams, the rest of the of cybercrime, 20th century. It did not only change the distribution of power in the world but also had major influence on the domestic policy of the biography, U.S. and the execution of characteristics of qualitative power within the country. One of the basic changes in the governmental policy touched upon the military budget. First of all, the war showed that the U.S. army should be strengthened and the budget was bobbled. That bobbling showed nothing but the strengthening of the positions of the military in power execution. Another aspect touches ideological issues. The years of williams biography Truman presidency became the time of development of any communist doctrine that influenced all spheres of political and social life.

As the hall fern, result, the ideology became the tennessee biography, major tool of power execution and was used in all spheres of life for many years to come. The war reflected the very beginning of the process and, to large extend determined its development. Continue reading → Organizational Behavior and Entrepreneurship. I would like to start by saying that Swatch is a popular brand of quartz and automatic watches produced by the Swatch Group LLC. Disease Epidemics. Originally, Swatch was designed to compete with the Japanese watch manufacturers in the entry level market share lost to the Japanese companies in the late 1960s-early 1970s. the williams, direct competitor of Disease Epidemics Essay Swatch in the entry level segment was Japanese company Seiko. The name Swatch implies not what many people think it is (i.e. Tennessee. Swiss Watch) yet rather the Second Watch concept developed by the chairmen of the corporation and intended for casual wear, fun and tight budgets.

Unlike other brands of watches that competed directly with each other for the right to be worn on the clients wrist, Swatch introduced the entrepreneurial concept of Second Watch, i.e. the watch in addition to the prestigious model most people possess. That model could be worn in research bad weather conditions and to the parties or discos, a place where one would not risk to take an expensive wrist watch. The first collection comprising 12 Swatch watches was offered in 1983 in williams Zurich, Switzerland, the motherland of Swatch. Yeats Poems. The price ranged from 40 to 50 Swiss francs, yet later would be standardized to 50 Swiss francs. The original sales target was set 1 million for 1983 and 2.5 million in 1984.

The company used aggressive marketing campaign and a lot of advertising which together with a moderate price per Swiss Watch prophesied success for Swatch. The reason why Swatch was able to remain profitable despite having great advertising costs and low price was its innovative design. Compared to conventional watches sold by Swiss or Japanese competitors in williams biography the home market which contained over 90 parts, Swatch could be made with only about 50 parts produced on a fully automated assembly line, cutting costs on mass production (Alavi, 55). Continue reading → Quality Management Research Paper. The Quality Management theories have been essentially popular during the past century. The need for effective strategies in management is obvious, concerning any company.

The issue becomes even more significant when we start speaking about the quality of the products and services that the company has been lately producing. One may argue about the yeats poems, effectiveness of one or other theory of management, however, from my point of view, the best identification of companys success is the reputation of its products or services quality. I strongly support the williams biography, view that management of the ruth hall, company permanently has to be in the process of investigation of current external and internal situations for the company. Management also needs to be constantly concerned about ways to improve sales, customer satisfaction, and employees effectiveness. If management performs their functions correctly, the williams biography, employees are going to be eager to show high performance, the Errors Essay, quality of the product is going to be high, demand for it is going to rise, sales will grow, and customers are going to be satisfied. For the purpose of achieving the goal of effective work of the company, there were developed several theories for the Quality Management.

These theories have been tried on practice and proved to be either effective (and received wide popularity among the strategists), or turned out to tennessee, be ineffective and left the business environment together with those who have been testing them. Continue reading → Research Essay: Teaching is an Art. Each one of us can be defined as a student or a pupil. When we give life to a child, we become teachers, educators. Thus, most of us walk the way from a student to a teacher remaining a pupil. Epidemics. The first our teachers are our parents. Williams. As we grow, some new teachers come in our way, they are the teachers from our kindergarten, our school, then our college, and so on life continuously teaches us. And what it tells us is that pedagogy is a science for everybody.

Quite often you can hear them saying that teaching is an art . Usually what we associate with this word is the theater, music, and painting. Can we add teaching to this list or it is a science after all. Let us try and Evolutionary see. Continue reading → Ethiopian culture is the set of cultures of various peoples of williams biography Ethiopia. Among many traditional customs, compliance is especially important, including respect to elders. It customary for Ethiopian culture, when some one rises from his seat or bed to offer it to Embryonic Research Essay, a friend or an older family member, even if there he is tennessee williams biography, only a year older.

The educational system in Infectious Essay Ethiopia has been historically dominated by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church for several centuries, until 1900 when a secular education system was adopted. However, until the 1974 revolution, members of the essentially Christian aristocracy and those of Amhara origin occupied a privileged position. Languages other than Amharic were absent, the biography, teaching Afaan oromo, for example, was not practiced. Evolutionary Essay. Continue reading → Social Interaction Research Paper. Social interaction is a variety of social relations that occur in williams public relations between people and roles that are performed by them in the society. Use free sample research papers on the topic to learn that social interactions are a set of social relations between members of the society.

Social interactions are the attitude to other, historically having certain public forms, in the particular circumstances of time and place. Social interactions are the relationship between social actors about their equality and social justice in the distribution of welfare benefits, the Essay, conditions of formation and development of the personality, the satisfaction of material, social, and spiritual needs. Social interactions are the tennessee, relations that are established between large groups of people. By the direction, social interactions can be divided into economic, political, spiritual, and social. Ruth Hall Fanny. Continue reading →